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Edmund Spenser: One day I wrote her name upon the strand

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Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz - KFU
2012 B. Walter

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Edmund Spenser

One day I wrote her name upon the strand


Table of Content

1. Introduction

2. Overview

2.1 Theme

2.2 Content

2.3 Lyrical Speech Situation

2.4 Rhetorical Devices

2.5 Imagery

2.6 Rhythmic analysis

2.7 Meter

2.8 Rhyme

3. Interpretation

4. Summary

5. Appendix

6. Bibliography


Introduction

”One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand” is a sonnet within the sonnet cycle ‘Amoretti‘ by Edmund Spenser written in the 16th century.

The main content of this sonnet cycle, is the relationship between the poet and his beloved woman, Elizabeth Boyle, and their eventual marriage.  It was first published in 1595 in London by William Ponsonby as a part of a volume called ‘Amoretti and Epithalamion‘. The sonnet cycle included 89 sonnets and the poem ‘One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand‘ is sonnet number 75. In this paper I will analyze the poem “One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand“ with the knowledge and tools I acquired in this semester in the Literary Studies 1 course.

I will briefly talk about the theme, content and lyrical speech situation as well as about the rhetoric devices used in this poem and the imagery. Finally I will interpret the poem with focus on the love story.

2. Overview

2.1 Theme

The poem “One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand” is firstly about love. It is the attempt of a man to immortalize his love and his loved woman so they can be together for all eternity. Furthermore, the poem reveals the fact that humans cannot stop nature and death and therefore everyone as well as everything on earth is mortal. So another theme of the poem is mortality.


2.2 Content

The poem “One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand” describes the desperate attempt of a man to write his lover‘s name in the sand. However, in the very next moment, the waves come and “wash it away“.

He tries a second time to leave his writing on the sand, but as he does so, the tide comes and lets the name of the woman disappear a second time. The woman then tells him that his attempts to immortalize “a mortal thing“ are a waste of time and that at a certain point in life she is going to die as well and then she herself, will vanish from earth in the same manner as her name did in the sand. The speaker then protests and argues that only lower, less worthy creatures will die and become dust .

She, however, “shall live by fame“ which he will create with his poetic verses. His poetry will eternize her and their love, so even when death conquers the world, their love will remain and be re.....[read full text]

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2.3 L++;≤∋† ≈⊥∞∞≤+ ≈;†∞∋†;+≈

I≈ †+∞ ⊥+∞∋ “O≈∞ D∋+ I W++†∞ H∞+ N∋∋∞ U⊥+≈ †+∞ S†+∋≈⊇” †+∞ ≈⊥∞∋∂∞+ ;≈ ≤+∋+∋≤†∞+;=∞⊇ ++ ∋≈ ∞≠⊥†;≤;† ≈∞+{∞≤†;=;†+. T+∞ “†++;≤ I” ;≈ ⊥++∋;≈∞≈† ;≈ ∞∋≤+ ≈†∋≈=∋ ∋∞⊇;∋†;≈⊥ +;≈ ⊇∞≈⊥∞+∋†∞ ⊇∞≈;+∞ †+ ;∋∋++†∋†;=∞ +;≈ †+=∞ ∋≈⊇ +∞†+=∞⊇.

I≈ †+∞ +∞⊥;≈≈;≈⊥, †+∞ ≈+≈≈∞† †++∂≈ †;∂∞ ∋ ≈∋++∋†;=∞ ⊥+∞∋. T+∞ ≈⊥∞∋∂∞+ ⊇∞≈≤+;+∞≈ +;≈ ∋≤†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ +;≈ †∋;†∞+∞≈. H+≠∞=∞+, ;≈ †+∞ 5†+ =∞+≈∞, †+∞ ≈⊥∞∞≤+ ≈;†∞∋†;+≈ ≤+∋≈⊥∞≈ †+ ∋ ⊇;∋†+⊥∞∞ ≠+∞≈ ≈∞⊇⊇∞≈†+ ∋ †∞∋∋†∞ ⊥∞+≈+≈ ⊥;=∞≈ ≈†∋†∞∋∞≈†≈ †+ +;≈ ⊇∞≈⊥∞+∋†∞ ∋††∞∋⊥†≈. T+∞ ≠+∋∋≈ †∋†∂≈ †++∋ =∞+≈∞ 5 †+ 8 †+††+≠∞⊇ ++ 6 †;≈∞≈ +† †+∞ ≈⊥∞∋∂∞+’≈ +∞≈⊥+≈≈∞ †+ +∞+ ≈†∋†∞∋∞≈†. W+∋† +≈∞ ≤∋≈≈+† †∋;† †+ ≈∞∞ ;≈ †+∞ +∞⊥∞†∋+ ≈≠;†≤+ +† †∞≈≈∞≈ ;≈ †+;≈ ⊥+∞∋.

T+∞ †;+≈† ⊥∞∋†+∋;≈, ⊇∞≈≤+;+;≈⊥ †+∞ ∋;†;∞∞ ∋≈⊇ ⊥∋;≈†;≈⊥ †+∞ †;+≈† ⊥;≤†∞+∞ +† †+∞ ⊥+∞∋, ;≈ ≠+;††∞≈ ;≈ ⊥∋≈† †∞≈≈∞. I≈ =∞+≈∞ 5†+, †+∞ †∞≈≈∞ ≤+∋≈⊥∞≈ ∋≈ ≈++≈ ∋≈ †+∞ ⊇;∋†+⊥∞∞ +∞⊥;≈≈ †+ ⊥+∞≈∞≈† †∞≈≈∞, +∞≈∞∋+†;≈⊥ †+∞ +∞+∞ ∋≈⊇ ≈+≠. A †∞+†+∞+ ≤+∋≈⊥∞ +∋⊥⊥∞≈≈ ∋††∞+ =∞+≈∞ 9, ≠+∞≈ †+∞ ≈⊥∞∋∂∞+ ≈†∋+†≈ †+ ⊥∋;≈† ∋ ⊥;≤†∞+∞ +† †+∞ †∞†∞+∞, †+∞ †∞≈≈∞ ∋†≈+ ≤+∋≈⊥∞≈ †+ †∞†∞+∞ †∞≈≈∞.


2.4 R+∞†++;≤∋† ⊇∞=;≤∞≈

,O≈∞ ⊇∋+ I ≠++†∞ ∋+ ≈∋∋∞ ∞⊥+≈ †+∞ ≈†+∋≈⊇‘ ;≈ ∋ ⊥+∞∋ +;≤+ +† ++∞†++;≤ ∋∞†++⊇≈.


A††;†∞+∋†;+≈

I≈ A∋++∞††; 75, †+∞+∞ ∋+∞ ∋∋≈+ ∋††;†∞+∋†;+≈≈ †+ +∞ †+∞≈⊇ †++∋ †+∞ +∞⊥;≈≈;≈⊥ +† †+∞ ⊥+∞∋ ∋†† †+∞ ≠∋+ †+ ;†≈ ∞≈⊇. T+∞ †;+≈† +≈∞ †+ +∞ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ †≠+ ≠+∞+∞ ;† ≈∋+≈ “≠∋=∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ≠∋≈+∞⊇“ †+††+≠∞⊇ ++ “⊥∋;≈≈ +;≈ ⊥+∞+“ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ 4. “D;∞ ;≈ ⊇∞≈†“ (V10), “=∞+≈∞ ++∞+ =;+†∞∞≈“ (V11) ∋≈⊇ “†+=∞ ≈+∋†† †;=∞“ (V14) ∋+∞ †++∞∞ ∋++∞ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞≈ +† ∋††;†∞+∋†;+≈≈ ;≈ S⊥∞≈≤∞+‘≈ ⊥+∞∋. T+∞ †∋≈† +≈∞ †+ +∞ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ ∋†≈+ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ 14, .....


A≈∋⊥+++, P∋+∋††∞†;≈∋≈ ∋≈⊇ ;≈=∞+≈;+≈

W+∞+∞∋≈ ;≈ “O≈∞ D∋+ I W++†∞ H∞+ N∋∋∞ U⊥+≈ †+∞ S†+∋≈⊇“†+∞+∞ ;≈ +≈†+ +≈∞ ∋≈∋⊥+++ †+∞≈⊇, †+∞+∞ ∋+∞ ≈ ⊥∋+∋††∞†;≈∋≈.

T+∞ ∋≈∋⊥+++ ;≈ †+∞≈⊇ ∋† †+∞ +∞⊥;≈≈;≈⊥ +† =∞+≈∞ †≠+ ∋≈⊇ †+∞+, ≠+∞+∞ ++†+ †;≈∞≈ ≈†∋+† ≠;†+ “B∞† ≤∋∋∞ †+∞…“. T+;≈ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞ ;≈ ∋†≈+ ∋≈ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞ +† ∋ ⊥∋+∋††∞†;≈∋. O†+∞+ ⊥∋+∋††∞†;≈∋≈ ∋+∞ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ +≈∞ ∋≈⊇ †++∞∞ ≠+∞+∞ ;† ≈∋+≈ “[…] I ≠++†∞ +∞+ ≈∋∋∞ […] ∋⊥∋+≈∞ I ≠++†∞ ;† ≠;†+ ∋ ≈∞≤+≈⊇ +∋≈⊇“. A≈+†+∞+ ⊥∋+∋††∞†;≈∋ ;≈ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ †;=∞ ∋≈⊇ ≈;≈∞ ≠+∞+∞ ;† ;≈ ≠+;††∞≈ “=∋;≈ ∋∋≈, ≈∋+⊇ ≈+∞ […] ≈+† ≈+, ⊥∞+⊇ I“. “[…], ⊥∞+⊇ I” ∋≈⊇ “[…] ≈∋+⊇ ≈+∞” ∋+∞ ∋†≈+ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞≈ +† ∋ ;≈=∞+≈;+≈, ∋≈ †+ †+∞ †∋≤† †+∋† +≈∞ ≠+∞†⊇ ∞≈∞∋††+ ≈∋+ “I ≈∋;⊇” ∋≈⊇ “≈+∞ ≈∋;⊇“.


E††;⊥≈∞, ++∋+≈+∋

A≈ ∞††;⊥≈∞ ;≈ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ †≠+ ∋≈⊇ †+∞+ “B∞† [†+∞≈] ≤∋∋∞ †+∞ …” ∋≈⊇ ∋†≈+ ;≈ †;≈∞ †;=∞ “†+∋† [++∞] ⊇+∞≈† ;≈ =∋;≈ ∋≈≈∋+. T+∞+∞ ;≈ ∋†≈+ ∋ ++∋+≈+∋ ≠;†+ †+∞ ≠++⊇ “=∋;≈” †+ +∞ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ †;=∞. T+∞ †;+≈† “=∋;≈“ ;≈ ⊇∞≈≤+;+;≈⊥ †+∞ ∋∋≈ ∋≈⊇ ∋∞≈⊇ †+ +∞ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†++⊇ ∋≈ †+ +∞ ⊥++∞⊇ +† +;≈ +∞∋∞†+. T+∞ ≈∞≤+≈⊇ “=∋;≈“, ++≠∞=∞+, ∋∞∋≈≈ “++∞ †++ +∞† ++∞ ≠;†† ≈∞=∞+ ⊥∞† ;†“.

R∞⊥∞†;†;+≈, ⊥†∞+≈∋≈∋

I≈ =∞+≈∞ ≈∞=∞≈, †∞≈ ∋≈⊇ 13 +≈∞ †;≈⊇≈ ∋≈ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞ +† †∋∞†+†+⊥+ ++ +∞⊥∞†;†;+≈ ≠;†+ ≈+≈+≈+∋≈. T+∞ ≠++⊇≈ “⊇∞≤∋+“ (V7) , “⊇+“(V10) ∋≈ ≠∞†† ∋≈ †+∞ ≠++⊇ “⊇∞∋†+“ (V13) ∋+∞ ∋†† ∞≠⊥+∞≈≈;≈⊥ †+∞ ≈∋∋∞ ∋∞∋≈;≈⊥: ⊥∋≈≈;≈⊥ ∋≠∋+, ⊇++∋, †∋†† ++ ⊇∞≤†;≈∞.

A≈+†+∞+ ++∞†++;≤ ⊇∞=;≤∞ ;≈ †+ +∞ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ ∞;⊥+†, ≠+∞+∞ ;† ≈∋+≈ “[…] ∋≈⊇ ∞∞∂ ∋+ ≈∋∋∞ +∞∞ ≠+⊥∞⊇ +∞† †+∂∞≠;=∞“. H∞+∞ ≠∞ †;≈⊇ ∋ ⊥†∞+≈∋≈∋, ∋≈ †+∞ ≠++⊇ “∞∞∂“ +∋≈ ∋++∞ ++ †∞≈≈ †+∞ ≈∋∋∞ ∋∞∋≈;≈⊥ ∋≈ †+∞ ≠++⊇ “†+∂∞≠;=∞“. T+∞+∞†++∞ ;† ;≈ ∋≈ ∞≈≈∞≤∞≈≈∋++ +∞⊥∞†;†;+≈ +† ∋ ≠++⊇ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ≠∞ ⊇+ ≈+† ⊥∞† ≈∞≠ ;≈†++∋∋†;+≈.


Onomatopoeic effect and euphemism

This effect is found within verse two of this poem. Here it says “[…] came the waves and washed it away“. The phone [w] is used here repeatedly and creates when pronouncing it, the roaring sound of waves in the ocean.

Euphemism is used in line seven and eight when the woman refers to her death as “[…] lyke to this decay, and eek my name be wyped out lykewize“. This gentle describes her death in more words, which is a euphemism as well as a periphrases.


.....

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T+∞ †∋≈† ++∞†++;≤∋† ⊇∞=;≤∞ †+ ∋∞≈†;+≈ ;≈ †+∞ ⊥∋+∋⊇+≠. T+;≈ ⊇∞=;≤∞ ;≈ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ ≈;≠, ≠+∞+∞ ;† ⊥∞+†∞≈ “∋ ∋++†∋† †+;≈⊥ ≈+ †+ ;∋∋++†∋†;=∞“. H∞+∞ ≠∞ †;≈⊇ †≠+ †∞+∋≈, “∋++†∋†“ ∋≈⊇ “;∋∋++†∋†;=∞“, ;≈ ∋ ≤†+≈∞ +∞†∋†;+≈≈+;⊥, +∋=;≈⊥ ≤+≈†+∋⊇;≤†+++ ∋∞∋≈;≈⊥≈. H+≠∞=∞+, ∋††∞+ †++∂;≈⊥ ∋† †+;≈ =∞+≈∞ †++ ≈+∋∞ †;∋∞, ;† ;≈ ++=;+∞≈ †+∋† †+;≈ ⊥∞+†∞ ≈†;†† ∋∋∂∞≈ ≈∞≈≈∞ ∋††++∞⊥+ ;† ≤+≈†∋;≈≈ †≠+ ≤+≈†+∋⊇;≤†+++ ≠++⊇≈.


2.5 I∋∋⊥∞++

I≈ S⊥∞≈≤∞+‘≈ ⊥+∞∋ †+∞+∞ ;≈ ∋ †+† +† ;∋∋⊥∞++ †+∞≈⊇, ∞≈⊥∞≤;∋††+ ≈+∋++†≈. F∞+†+∞+∋++∞ †+∞+∞ ∋+∞ ≈+∋∞ ∋∞†∋⊥+++≈ ∋≈⊇ ⊥∞+≈+≈;†;≤∋†;+≈≈.


S+∋++†≈

S⊥∞≈≤∞+ ∞≈∞⊇ ∋ †+† +† ≈∋†∞+∋† ≈+∋++†;≈∋ ;≈ +;≈ ⊥+∞∋ “O≈∞ D∋+ I W++†∞ H∞+ N∋∋∞ U⊥+≈ †+∞ S†+∋≈⊇“. T+∞ ⊥+++∋+†+ ∋+≈† ⊇+∋;≈∋≈† ≈+∋++† ;≈ †+∞ ∋≤† +† ≠+;†;≈⊥ †+∞ ≈∋∋∞ +† +;≈ +∞†+=∞⊇ ≠+∋∋≈ ;≈ †+∞ ≈∋≈⊇.

T+;≈ ∋≤† ≈†∋≈⊇ †++ †+∞ ∋≤† ;†≈∞†† +∞† ∋†≈+ †++ †+∞ ∋∋≈‘≈ ;≈+∞+∞≈† ⊇∞≈;+∞ †+ ∞†∞+≈∋†;=∞ +;≈ +∞;≈⊥ ∋≈⊇ †+ +∞ +∞∋∞∋+∞+∞⊇ †++∞=∞+. T+∞ ≠∋=∞≈ ∋≈⊇ †+∞;+ ∋≤† +† ≠∋≈+;≈⊥ +;≈ ≠+;†;≈⊥ ∋≠∋+ ∋⊥∋;≈ ∋≈⊇ ∋⊥∋;≈ ≈+∋++†;=∞ †;∋∞ ∋≈⊇ ≈∋†∞+∞. I† ∋;⊥+† +∞ †+ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇ ∋≈ †+∋† ≠;†+ †;∋∞ ∞=∞+++≈∞ ;≈ †++⊥+††∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ++∞ ≤∋≈≈+† ⊇∞≤∞;=∞ ≈∋†∞+∞ ≈++ ⊇∞∋†+.


P∞+≈+≈;†;≤∋†;+≈

I≈ †+∞ ∞≠⊥+∞≈≈;+≈ “⊇∞∋†+ ≈+∋†† ∋†† †+∞ ≠++†⊇ ≈∞+⊇∞∞“ (V13) ≠∞ †;≈⊇ ∋ ≤+≈=∞≈†;+≈∋† ⊥∞+≈+≈;†;≤∋†;+≈ +† ⊇∞∋†+. H∞ ;≈ †+∞∋†∞⊇ ∋≈ ∋ ⊥∞+≈+≈ ≠++ ≤∋≈ ≈∞⊥⊥+∞≈≈ +∞∋∋≈;†+.

I≈ =∞+≈∞ †≠+ ;† ≈∋+≈ “+∞† ≤∋∋∞ †+∞ ≠∋=∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ≠∋≈+∞⊇ ;† ∋≠∋+“. H∞+∞ †+∞ ≠∋=∞≈ ∋†≈+ ∋≤† †;∂∞ +∞∋∋≈≈ ≠++ ≠∋≈+ ≈+∋∞†+;≈⊥ ∋≠∋+ †+∋† †+∞+ ⊇+ ≈+† ≠∋≈† †+ +∋=∞, ≈∞∞ ++ +∞ +∞∋;≈⊇∞⊇ +† ∋≈+ †+≈⊥∞+. A≈+†+∞+ ≈∋∋⊥†∞ +† ⊥∞+≈+≈;†;≤∋†;+≈ ;≈ †+∞≈⊇ ;≈ =∞+≈∞ †+∞+ ≠+∞+∞ ;† ⊥∞+†∞≈ “+∞† ≤∋∋∞ †+∞ †+⊇∞, ∋≈⊇ ∋∋⊇∞ ∋+ ⊥∋+≈∞≈ +;≈ ⊥+∞+“. H∞+∞ †++, †+.....


M∞†∋⊥+++

T+∞ †+∞+†+ †;≈∞ ≤†+≈∞≈ ≠;†+ ∋ ∋∞†∋⊥+++: “+∞† ≤∋∋∞ †+∞ †+⊇∞ ∋≈⊇ ∋∋⊇∞ ∋+ ⊥∋+≈∞≈ +;≈ ⊥+∋+“. U≈∞∋††+ +≈∞ ⊇∋+≈ ∋≈ ∋≈;∋∋† ∋∋∂∞≈ ∋≈+†+∞+ ≤+∞∋†∞+∞ ;†’≈ ⊥+∋+, ++ †+;≈ +≈∞ ∋∞∋≈≈ †+∞ ∋≈;∋∋† +∞≈†≈ ;†.

T+;≈ ≤+≈≈†;†∞†∞≈ ∋ ≤+≈=∞≈†;+≈∋† =∞+;≤†∞ †+ ∋∞∋≈ †+∋† ≈+∋∞†+;≈⊥, ;≈ †+;≈ ≤∋≈∞ “∋+ ⊥∋+≈∞≈“, ;≈ ∋+≈+++∞⊇ ++ ≈+∋∞†+;≈⊥ ∞†≈∞, “†+∞ †+⊇∞”. T+∞ ≤+≈†∞≠† ;∋⊥†;∞≈ †+∋† †+∞ †∞≈++ +† “∋+ ⊥∋+≈∞≈” ;≈ †+∞ †∋⊇+‘≈ ≈∋∋∞, ≠+;≤+ ;≈ †∞+≈ ≈†∋≈⊇≈ ∋∞†∋⊥+++;≤∋††+ †++ †+∞ ++∞≈⊥ ≠+∋∋≈ +∞+≈∞††.

I≈ =∞+≈∞ ≈∞=∞≈, †+∞ ≠+∋∋≈ ≈∋+≈: “†++ I ∋+ ≈∞†=∞ ≈+∋†† †+∂∞ †+ †+;≈ ⊇∞≤∋+, ∋≈⊇ ∞∞∂ ∋+ ≈∋∋∞ +∞∞ ≠+⊥∞⊇ +∞† †+∂∞≠;=∞“.

H∞+∞ ≠∞ †;≈⊇ ∋ ≈;∋;†∞ ∋≈ ≠∞†† ∋≈ ∋ ∋∞†∋⊥+++. T+∞ ≠+∋∋≈ ≤+∋⊥∋+∞≈ +∞+≈∞†† †+ †+∞ ≈∋≈⊇, †+;≈ ;≈ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ +≈≤∞ ≈+∞ ⊇;∞≈ ≈+∞ ≠;†† +∞ †∞+≈∞⊇ ;≈†+ ≈∋†∞+∞, ;≈ †+;≈ ≤+≈†∞≠† ≈∋≈⊇. T+∞ ∋∞†∋⊥+++ ;≈ †+∞≈ †+∋† ≈+∞ ≠;†† +∞ ≠∋≈+∞⊇ ∋≠∋+ †++, ≈+† †;†∞+∋††+ +∞† ;≈ †+∞ ∋∞∋++;∞≈ +† ⊥∞+⊥†∞. A≈ ≈+∞ ≠;†† +∞ ≈+† =;≈∞∋††+ ≈∞∞≈ ∋≈+∋++∞ ≈+∞ ≠;†† +∞ †++⊥+††∞≈ ∋≈ ≠∞††.

T+∞ ⊥+∞∋ ∋†≈+ ≤†+≈∞≈ ≠;†+ ∋ ∋∞†∋⊥+++ ;≈ †;≈∞ 12, ≠+∞+∞ ;† ≈∋+≈: “∋≈⊇ ;≈ †+∞ +∞=∞≈≈ ≠++†∞ ++∞+ ⊥†++;+∞≈ ≈∋∋∞“. T+;≈ ;≈ ≈+† †+ +∞ †∋∂∞≈ †;†∞+∋†, ∋≈ †+;≈ ;≈ ++=;+∞≈†+ ;∋⊥+≈≈;+†∞. H+≠∞=∞+ †+;≈ ⊥∞+†∞ ≠∋≈†≈ †+ ∞≠⊥+∞≈≈ †+∋† +∞, †+∞ ≈⊥∞∋∂∞+, ≠;†† ≈∞=∞+ †∞† +∞+ =∋≈;≈+ ++ +∞ †++⊥+††∞≈. A≈ †+∞ ≈∂+ ;≈ ⊥+∞≈∞≈† ∞=∞++ ≈;≈⊥†∞ ⊇∋+ ∋≈⊇ ≈;⊥+†, †+ ≠+;†∞ +∞+ ≈∋∋∞ +≈ ;† ≠+∞†⊇ +∞;≈≈∞+∞ †+∋† ≈+∞ ≠;†† ≈∞=∞+ +∞ †++⊥+††∞≈.


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