Inventing Situations Pragmatic structure in John Donne’s „Break of Day“ In “A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry Geoffrey Leech distinguishes between the “given situation, which is the immediate situation in which any verbal communication takes place, and
A Discussion of Repetition in Goh Sin Tub´s poem Colleen Repetition in Colleen” by Goh Sin Tub Definition Repetition is defined as the return of a word, phrase, stanza form, or effect in any form of literature”. Simply put, it is the repetition of the same (or similar) words, phrases, or sounds*
The Ghetto The poem ,,The Gehtto,, by an unknown speaker deals with the tough life in a ghetto with its difficulties. In this poem the speaker describes his experiences of a life in a ghetto without any perspective. It´s a descriptive poem . The speaker tries to give the reader an understanding of a life
`The new Colossus´ by Emma Lazarus
The Italian Sonnet `The new Colossus´ written by Emma Lazarus and released in 1883 deals with the Statue of Liberty in America and immigration to America in the 19th century. In the first stanza the Statue of Liberty is compared to the Colossus of Rhodes which is the “brazen giant of Greek fame” (l. 1). But by the use of the negation “not” in front of the quotation above it becomes obvious that the poet is not talking of the ancient Colossus, which depicted/represented the sun god Helios, and which stood at the entrance of the harbour of Rhodes with spread legs, letting the ships passing by below.
This is described in the first two lines.
From the last two lines of the stanza up to the end the Statue of Liberty is described and it is said where it is located, what it stands for and which symbolic meaning it has. That is what the poem is about and what will be analysed in the following.
To begin with, the poem is a sonnet because it has two stanzas containing four lines and two stanzas containing three lines. It becomes evident that the poem is divided into two parts. The poem is grouped into two sense units, the first two - and the last two stanzas. Moreover the rhyme scheme backs up this effect because the first two stanzas build an enclosed rhyme with (the scheme) `a-b-b-a´ and the last two stanzas built an enclosed rhyme too, but with the scheme `c-d-c´ and `d-c-d´.
Moreover, an enjambment between line 4 of the first stanza and line 5 of the second stanza makes, clear once again, that these two stanzas belong together.
The rhyme scheme does not create the impression of regularity but is neither monotonous. It is just the case that the last two stanzas create a new metre of rhyme because in 1883 the people were still conservative and traditional. As a result, these two stanzas could represent the spirit of the new America which invites outsiders and poor people as immigrants from ancient Europe.
In addition to that, the language is elevated which underlines the feeling of high standard. The poet also makes use of figurative and rhetorical language in order to make the reader think about what he or she is reading and let him or her keep it in mind. Moreover, the poem is made unique because not everyone understands the hidden message in it.
Furthermore, the first stanza contains a contrast which compares “the brazen giant of Greek fame”(l.1) with the “mighty woman with a torch” (l.4). Meant is the Colossus of Rhodes and the Statue of Liberty. But the negation “not” referring to “the brazen giant […]” turns a comparison into a contrast which creates polarity and tension. Additionally, the contrast runs on to line 8 where the Statue of Liberty is described
The Colossus of Rhodes seems to be insignificant because he is “only” a famous Greek statue and the Statue of Liberty is “a mighty woman” and the “Mother of Exiles”. As a result, the Statue of Liberty has more significance in the American society than the Colossus of Rhodes i.....[read full text]
Furthermore, in ll. 9 ff it seems as if the Statue of Liberty speaks directly to the reader which is a metaphor because a statue is not able to speak. But it is said that the statue “cries […] with silent lips” ,which is also a contrast and should let the reader imagine that the statue is serious about its words but can’t cry it out loud because it is a statue.
Moreover, the statue summons the tired, poor and huddled masses (ll.10-11) to come to America and start a new life. Then with the enumeration in the sentence: “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses […]” the poet addresses Europe to let their tired and poor people immigrate to America. The enumeration stresses/ underlines that America does not address only one group of the European society to come to America.
In the last stanza the Statue once more commands Europe to send their homeless and tempest-tost to the new country. As an effect the reader should realize that America is attracting for new inhabitants seriously. As an advice, the location of the Statue of Liberty is indirectly described as in the sentence: “I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”. (l. 14)
In this case, the golden door stands for Ellis Island which is the so-called entrance or key to live in America. The metaphor “golden door” for Ellis Island evokes/causes that the reader is puzzled and as a result the sonnet has an open ending and the reader has to inform himself which has the effect that he or she will keep the poem in mind. This is the intention of each poet.
Moreover, there is also a contrast between the “brazen giant” and the “golden door” because gold is more precious than brass and as a result Ellis Island with the Statue of Liberty is, from E.L.’s point of view, more precious than the Colossus of Rhodes.
All in all, the poem contains a great deal of imagery and contrasts but also metaphors. The final message of the poem is that all refugees and homeless are invited to America and will be welcomed sincerely. But in my opinion the poem is not convincing because today we know that people aren’t and weren’t treated equally and fairly in the American Past because people from the African origin, for example, were used as slaves until 1865 and the were suppressed by the rest of the society.
As a result, America as an open-minded nation in the past and also in the present is a pipe dream. The poem can be classified as a patriotic poem because the author only mentions pos.....