Assess the potential for water supply to become a source of conflict In theory, there is no actual global water shortage; human beings as a species only use about 50% of the water available. However, due to there being an uneven global distribution of water supplies and a rising demand for the resource, certain areas of the world are facing various degrees of physical and economic scarcity. Water supply is increasingly becoming a geopolitical issue, particularly in the case of trans boundary sources where conflict over water allocation can strain relations between both regional states and countries. There are a variety of reasons why water supply has the potential to cause conflict or ‘water wars’ internationally or globally; there may be different users of the same water supply, for example, within the Middle East the River Jordan and three major aquifers are situated. Israelis, Syrians Jordanians and Palestinians are in conflict over shrinking supplies of the water available, the division of the water sources obtainable and the growing population who are dependant on it. Turkey is in dispute with Syria and Iraq over damming more of the Tigris and Euphrates River, as the country use this method to generate power and also to increase farmland; however the reservoirs that have been built are taking a vast amount of water from Syria straining the already limiting supplies of the country including agriculture
Assess the value of the source for revealing how the black codes affected the lives of the black Americans
Source B is immensely valuable for revealing how the black codes affected the lives of the black Americans.
The source is a legislative work created by the Mississippi state in order to announce the Mississippi black codes. The black codes were created after Johnson’s reconstruction policy was made public, white southerners were able to get back into government positions and start to limit the movement of the former slaves. These laws limited the lives of the black Americans and denied them of certain rights.
The great value of the source is first shown in the provenance: it is the Mississippi state black codes drafted by Mississippi’s legislative officers.
This indicates the immense value of the source as it is written as a legislative piece of work in Mississippi for the state itself, outlining exactly how the black codes affected the lives of the black Americans. In the section 1, we can see how the black codes restricted the lives of the black Americans in terms of employment, it states that ‘persons who neglect their calling or employment… shall be deemed and considered vagrants’.
Indeed, in the black codes it stated that black employees could not leave the premises and had to work from sunup to sunset and if they did not they would get whipped. This source is valuable in revealing how the black codes affected the lives of the black Americans as it shows us that even after they were given freedom they must, under the black codes, follow the master’s rules and regulations and can only leave if the master allows it.
The sources value is reinforced when it shows the harsh reality of the black population and the white population in terms of marriage, even being seen in public with them and supporting black rights.
The source states that ‘ and all white persons so assembling with freedmen, free negroes or mulattoes’ or ‘ living in fornication with a freedwomen and free negro, shall be deemed vagrants… and shall be fines’ this quote is valuable into revealing how the black codes affected the lives of black americans as it so shows that black people could not be seen with any white men, this affects their lives as it could be linked to the fact that because of these codes the black people, although now freedmen, still had limited power and their actions were watched.
These points are backed up by the fact that even after slavery was abolished and the black americans were now free, it would be very rare to see black men and white men gathered in the same group, and if so they would be broken up. Along with the topic of marriage, a freedman and a white women would not be allowed to marry because there would only be white judges in court and no black jury, which prevented any sort of .....[read full text]
These vagrancy laws in the source were deliberately vague so that at any chance of the tiniest suspicion the sheriff's could accuse the black population. The black codes did in fact affect the lives of black americans due to the fact that the 4 million freed slaves who were seen as unemployed or homeless, which was mostly the case as they were uneducated and without money, would be deemed as vagrants.
We know that these black codes did in fact affect most of the black population as most of them were without income, uneducated and homeless. The value of this source is further emphasised as it is written by the mississippi state legislature itself making it an official document, that then means that this document is an exact issue of the black codes.