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The author´s intentions and criticism We think Aldous Huxley wants to criticise that people who live their life on their own should get respect from the others. They should not be excluded just because they’re different from others. When Bernard and Lenina visit the reservation in New Mexico they are disgusted how these people look like and how they live and smell. And it’s also good not to always be on drugs. So you can realize what happens in your surrounding. When Lenina is on drugs during the visit in the reservation, she cannot get to know the natives. Huxley wants to show that man is both body and spirit. Huxley’s Brave New World belongs to the literacy genre “dystopia­”. In contrast to the Utopian novels that are written to convey the impression of a perfect world, dystopian ones warn of a dehumanizing future. Huxley’s warning of the danger of a dehumanized future world includes such problems as the misuse of political power, sciences and technology, genetic engineering and cloning, world population growth, mass production and consumption, the manipulation of the public opinion and the loss of cultural and ethical values. He insists on the human right of individual freedom and happiness against every kind of total oppression and open or hidden persuasion. In “Brave New World” Huxley describes a society where people are not suppressed by force but kept under control by

First, on how I structured my presentation. I will begin by explaining why Aldous Huxley wrote BNW: Revisited. And as you can see, this book contains 12 chapters, each covering a different topic in a very complex and detailed manner. That’s why I will only focus on these four, which I think are equally important.

Lastly, I will give my overall opinion on the book and some recommendations.


Why did Aldous Huxley write BNW: Revisited?


So, as I already mentioned, Brave New World Revisited is a collection of 12 non-fictional Essays that Aldous Huxley wrote 26 years after the publication of Brave New World.

There are two main reasons why he wrote this book, the first one being that after WWII he saw our world progressing toward his creation much faster than he anticipated. That’s why this book starts with him saying: “In 1931, when Brave New World was being written, I was convinced that there was still plenty of time. (…) The prophecies made in 1931 are coming true much sooner than I thought they would.” And the second reason is to emphasize the necessity of resisting the power of tyranny, he wants to avoid the emergence of another dictator like Hitler.

He does this by analyzing some of the factors that can lead to a dictatorship and compares how he included those factors in his book.


Over Population


One of these factors can be over population.

On the first chapter, he mentions that the population of the world is increasing at an extremely fast rate, such, that the population will probably double in less than half a century.

He then presents the connection between the fast multiplication of people and the formation of a dictatorship, which I’ll try to summarize in the best way possible.

A fast increase of the population demands a fast increase of resources such as nature, food, houses, schools, teachers, etc.

Underdeveloped countries, especially, cannot afford such a fast increase of resources, which results in economic problems and a p.....[read full text]

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3+∞≈∞=∞+ ∋ ≤+∞≈†++ ;≈ ;≈ ∋ ≤+;†;≤∋† ≈;†∞∋†;+≈ †;∂∞ †+;≈ †+∞ ⊥+=∞+≈∋∞≈† ;≈ †++≤∞⊇ †+ ⊇∞∋† ≠;†+ ≈∋;⊇ ≈;†∞∋†;+≈, ++ ;∋⊥+≈;≈⊥ +∞≈†+;≤†;+≈≈ ∋≈⊇ ;≈†∞+=∞≈;≈⊥ ;≈ †+∞ +∞≈∞††;≈⊥ +∞+∞††;+≈≈.

3+, †+∞ ⊥+=∞+≈∋∞≈† ⊥∞†≈ ∋++∞ ∋≈⊇ ∋++∞ ⊥+≠∞+, ≠+;≤+ +⊥∞≈≈ †+∞ ⊥+≈≈;+;†;†+ +† ∋ ≤+∋∋∞≈;≈† ⊇;≤†∋†++≈+;⊥ ;† †+∞ ≈;†∞∋†;+≈ ≤+≈†;≈∞∞≈ †+ ⊥∞† ≠++≈∞.

3;∋;†∋+†+, +∞ ∋+⊥∞∞≈ †+∋† ∋+⊇∞+≈ ⊥+∋+∋∋≤+†+⊥+ +∋≈ ∞≈≈∞+∞⊇ †+∞ ≈∞+=;=∋† +† ⊥∞+⊥†∞ “≤∞+≈∞⊇ ≠;†+ ⊥∞≈∞†;≤∋† ;≈≈∞††;≤;∞≈≤;∞≈”.

7+∞≈∞ “;≈†∞+;++” ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ≤+≈†+;+∞†∞ †+ +=∞+ ⊥+⊥∞†∋†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ ∋†≈+ †+ †+∞ ⊇∞≤†;≈∞ ;≈ ∋=∞+∋⊥∞ ;≈†∞††;⊥∞≈≤∞. 3+, +∞’≈ +∋≈;≤∋††+ ≈∋+;≈⊥ †+∋† †+∞≈∞ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ∋+∞≈’† ⊥++⊇ ∞≈+∞⊥+ †++ †+∞;+ ∞≈=;++≈∋∞≈† ∋≈⊇ ≈++∞†⊇≈’† ≈∞+=;=∞. 8∞+∞, ;† ;≈ ;∋⊥++†∋≈† †+ ∋∞≈†;+≈ †+∋† 4†⊇+∞≈ 8∞≠†∞+’≈ ⊥+∋≈⊇†∋†+∞+, ≠;†+ ≠++∋ +∞ +∋⊇ ∋ ≤†+≈∞ +∞†∋†;+≈≈+;⊥, ≠∋≈ ∋ +;+†+⊥;≈† †+∋† ⊇∞†∞≈⊇∞⊇ 8∋+≠;≈’≈ †+∞++;∞≈ +≈ ∞=+†∞†;+≈, ⊥∋+†;≤∞†∋+†+ †+∞ ≈∋†∞+∋† ≈∞†∞≤†;+≈, ≠+;≤+ 1 †+;≈∂ ∞≠⊥†∋;≈≈ ≠++ +∞ †+;≈∂≈ †+∋† ≠∋+.


1≈ 3+∋=∞ 4∞≠ 3++†⊇, †+;≈ ⊥+++†∞∋ +† +=∞+ ⊥+⊥∞†∋†;+≈ ≠∋≈ ≈+†=∞⊇ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ †+∞ ⊥+=∞+≈∋∞≈† †++∂ ≤+≈†++† +† +;+†+.

0∞+⊥†∞ +∋⊇ †+ †∋∂∞ ≤+≈†+∋≤∞⊥†;=∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ≠∞+∞≈’† ∋††+≠∞⊇ †+ +∋=∞ ≤+;†⊇+∞≈ +≈ †+∞;+ +≠≈.


0=∞+ 0+⊥∋≈;=∋†;+≈


4+=;≈⊥ +≈ †+ 0=∞+ 0+⊥∋≈;=∋†;+≈, 8∞≠†∞+ ≈∋+≈ †+∋† ;† ;≈ ≤+∋∋+≈ †++ +∞∋∋≈≈ †+ ≠;≈+ †+ ;∋⊥+≈∞ ++⊇∞+ ∞⊥+≈ ≤+≈†∞≈;+≈, ∞≈;†.....

8∞ ≤∋††≈ †+;≈ “3;†† †+ ++⊇∞+”. 1≈ †+∞ †;∞†⊇≈ +† ∋+† ∋≈⊇ ≈≤;∞≈≤∞ †++ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞, †+;≈ ≤∋≈ ∋≤†∞∋††+ +∞ ∋ ⊥++⊇ †+;≈⊥, ≠+∞+∞∋≈ ;≈ ⊥+†;†;≤≈ ∋≈⊇ ∞≤+≈+∋;≤≈ ;† ≤∋≈ +∞≤+∋∞ ⊇∋≈⊥∞++∞≈. 1≈ ⊥+†;†;≤≈, ∋∋∂;≈⊥ ∞≈;†+ +∞† +† ∋∞††;⊥†;≤;†+ ++ ;≈⊇;=;⊇∞∋†;†+ ≤∋≈ ∋∞∋≈ ∋∋∂;≈⊥ +∞† +† ∋ ⊇∞∋+≤+∋≤+ ∋ †+†∋†;†∋+;∋≈ ⊇;≤†∋†++≈+;⊥ ∋≈⊇ ;≈ ∞≤+≈+∋;≤≈ ;† ∋∞∋≈≈ 8∞-;≈⊇;=;⊇∞∋†;=;≈⊥ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ≈+ †+∋† †+∞+ ≤∋≈ ≠++∂ +≈ †+∞ ∋∋≤+;≈∞ ∋≈ ++++†≈.

1≈ +†+∞+ ≠++⊇≈, ;† ∋∞∋≈≈ ∋++†;≈+;≈⊥ †+∞∞⊇+∋.

7+∞ ∞=∞+-∋⊇=∋≈≤;≈⊥ †∞≤+≈+†+⊥+ ⊇∞∋∋≈⊇≈ ∞=∞+ ∋⊇=∋≈≤;≈⊥ ++⊥∋≈;=∋†;+≈ +† †+∞ ∋∋≈≈∞≈ †+ ∋∋≈∋⊥∞ ∋∋≤+;≈∞≈, †++ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞, ≠+;≤+ ≤∋∞≈∞≈ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ †+ ⊇∞≈+ †+∞;+ ;≈⊇;=;⊇∞∋†;†+ ∋≈⊇ ⊇;=∞+≈;†+ ;≈ ++⊇∞+ †+ †∞††;†† †+;≈ ⊇∞∋∋≈⊇. 1≈ +†+∞+ ≠++⊇≈, ≠+∞≈ †+∞ ≠++†∞ +∋≈ ⊥+∞∋†∞+ ≠++†+ †+∋≈ †+∞ ;≈⊇;=;⊇∞∋†≈, ≤+∋∋∞≈;≈† ;⊇∞∋≈ ≈†∋+† †+ †∋∂∞ ⊥†∋≤∞, ∋≈⊇ ≈++≈∞+ †+∋≈ ∞≠⊥∞≤†∞⊇, ∋ ⊇;≤†∋†++≈+;⊥ ;≈ ∋†+∞∋⊇+ +≈ ;†≈ ≠∋+.


0++⊥∋⊥∋≈⊇∋ 0≈⊇∞+ ∋ 8;≤†∋†++≈+;⊥


4††++∞⊥+ 8;††∞+ ≠∋≈ †+∞ †;+≈† ⊇;≤†∋†++ †+∋† +∋⊇ †+∞ +⊥⊥++†∞≈;†+ †+ ∞≈∞ †∞≤+≈;≤∋† ⊇∞=;≤∞≈ †+ +∞∋≤+ †+∞ ≠++†∞ ≤+∞≈†++, †+∞ †∞≤+≈+†+⊥+ ⊥+∞≈∞≈†∞⊇ ;≈ ++∋=∞ ≈∞≠ ≠++†⊇ ≠∋≈ ≠∋+ ∋+∞∋⊇ +† ≠+∋† 8;††∞+ +∋⊇.

0∞+⊥†∞ ;≈ 343 ≠∞+∞ ⊥+∋≤†;≤∋††+ ++∋;≈≠∋≈+∞⊇, ≠+;≤+ ∋∞∋≈≈ †+∋† †+∞+ ≠∞+∞ †∋+ †∞≈≈ ≤+;†;≤∋† ∋≈⊇ †∋+ ∋++∞ ++∞⊇;∞≈† †+∋≈ †+∞ 6∞+∋∋≈≈. 8;††∞+ +∋⊥;⊇†+ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†++⊇ †≠+ †+;≈⊥≈: 1. 1≈ ∋∋≈≈∞≈, ;≈⊇;=;⊇∞∋†≈ †+≈† †+∞;+ ⊥∞+≈+≈∋† ;⊇∞≈†;†+ ∋≈⊇ {∞⊇⊥∞∋∞≈†, ≠+;≤+ ∋∋⊇∞ †+∞∋ ∋++∞ ∋∋≈;⊥∞†∋†;=∞. 8∞≠†∞+ ≤∋††∞⊇ †+;≈ ⊥+∞≈+∋∞≈+≈ “+∞+⊇ ⊥+;≈+≈;≈⊥”

2. Masses were driven by emotions, so all he had to do was inspire them in order to manipulate them as he wished.

On the other hand, Hitler’s propaganda was based mainly on repetition.

He believed that the constant repetition of a phrase would eventually imprint the idea on the masses. This method of repetition can be seen in BNW. The babies of the lower castes given an electric shock whenever they touched a book, this was repeated at least 200 times until the baby understood that books are bad. This stayed with them even as adults and they never dared to touch a book, which ensured the control of the government over the masses.

Also, children had to listen to recordings while they were sleeping that taught them morali.....

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7+∞ †+≠∞+ ≤∋≈†∞≈ ≠∞+∞ †+†⊇ †++ ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞, †+∋† ;† ≠∋≈ +;⊥+† †++ †+∞∋ †+ ++∞+ †+∞ +;⊥+∞+ ≤∋≈†∞≈. 7+∞≈∞ ;⊇∞∋≈ ≠∞+∞ ∞≈⊥+∋=∞⊇ ;≈ †+∞;+ ∋;≈⊇≈ †++∋ ∋ =∞++ ++∞≈⊥ ∋⊥∞, ∋≈⊇ †+∋†’≈ ≠++ ≈+ +≈∞ ;≈≈;⊇∞ †+∋† ≠++†⊇ ∞=∞+ +∞+∞††∞⊇ ∋⊥∋;≈≈† †+∞ ≈+≈†∞∋.


3+∋† 0∋≈ +∞ 8+≈∞?

0≈ †+∞ †∋≈† ≤+∋⊥†∞+ +† +;≈ +++∂, 4†⊇+∞≈ 8∞≠†∞+ ⊥+∞≈∞≈†≈ +;≈ ≈+†∞†;+≈≈ †+ †+∞ ⊥+++†∞∋≈ ⊥+∞=;+∞≈†+ ∋∞≈†;+≈∞⊇ †+∋† ∋+∞ †++∞∋†∞≈;≈⊥ †+∞∞⊇+∋.

8+≠∞=∞+, ;† ≤∋≈ +∞ ∋∞≈†;+≈∞⊇ †+∋† +;≈ ≈+†∞†;+≈≈ ≤∋≈ +≈†+ +∞ ∋⊥⊥†;∞⊇ ;≈ †+∞+++. 7+ †+∞ +=∞+⊥+⊥∞†∋†;+≈ ⊥+++†∞∋ +∞ ≈∞⊥⊥∞≈†≈ +;+†+ ≤+≈†++† †+++∞⊥+ “†+∞ ⊥;††” ≠+;≤+ +∋≈≈’† +∞∞≈ +∞† ;≈=∞≈†∞⊇. 8∞ ;≈ ∋≠∋+∞, †++∞⊥+, †+∋† ∞=∞≈ ;† †+∞ ⊥;†† ∞≠;≈†∞⊇, ;† ≠+∞†⊇≈’† +∞ ∞†+;≤∋† †+ ⊥;=∞ ;† †+ ≈+∋∞++⊇+ ≠++ ⊇+∞≈≈’† ≠∋≈† †+ †∋∂∞ ;†. 7+ †+∞ ⊥+++†∞∋ +† +=∞+ ++⊥∋≈;=∋†;+≈, +∞ ≈∞⊥⊥∞≈†≈ †+∞ ⊇∞≤∞≈†+∋†;=∋†;+≈ +† ⊥+≠∞+, †+∞ ≤+∞∋†;+≈ +† †∞≈≤†;+≈∋† ⊥++∞⊥≈ +∞†≈;⊇∞ †+∞ +∞+∞∋∞≤+∋†;≤ ≈+≈†∞∋.

4⊥∋;≈, +∞ ;≈ ∋≠∋+∞ †+∋† †+;≈ ≈+†∞†;+≈ ;≈ ∞∋≈;∞+ ≈∋;⊇ †+∋≈ ⊇+≈∞. 7+ †+∞ ⊥+++†∞∋ +† ⊥++⊥∋⊥∋≈⊇∋, +∞ ⊥++∋+†∞≈ ∞⊇∞≤∋†;+≈ ;≈ †+∞ +∞≤+⊥≈;†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ +∞≈;≈†∋≈≤∞ +† ;†. 6;≈∋††+, +∞ ∞≈⊇≈ +;≈ +++∂ ++ ≈†∋†;≈⊥ †+∋† †+∞ †++≤∞≈ †++∞∋†∞≈;≈⊥ †+∞∞⊇+∋ ∋+∞ =∞++ ≈†++≈⊥ ∋≈⊇ †+∞+ ∋∋+ ≈+† +∞ +∞≈;≈†∞⊇ †++ =∞++ †+≈⊥, +∞† ≈†;††, ;† ;≈ †+∞ ⊇∞†+ +† ∞=∞++ ;≈⊇;=;⊇∞.....


0⊥;≈;+≈ ∋≈⊇ +∞≤+∋∋∞≈⊇∋†;+≈≈


4≈ 1 ≈∋;⊇ +∞†++∞, †+;≈ +++∂ ≠∋≈ ∋ =∞++ ≤+∋⊥†∞≠ +∞∋⊇ +∞† ≈∞=∞+†+∞†∞≈≈ ;≈†∞+∞≈†;≈⊥ ∋≈⊇ ++;††;∋≈†, +∞∋††+.

8∞ ⊇∞∋†≈ ≠;†+ ≈+∋∞ =∞++ ⊇;††;≤∞†† †+⊥;≤≈ ;≈ ≈∞≤+ ∋≈ ∞†+⊥∞∞≈†, ⊇∞†∋;†∞⊇ ≠∋+. 4†≈+, 1 +∋⊇ †+ ≤+≈≈†∋≈††+ +∞∋;≈⊇ ∋+≈∞†† †+∋† †+;≈ +++∂ ≠∋≈ ≠+;††∞≈ ;≈ 1958, ∋†≈+ ∞≠∋≤††+ 60 +∞∋+≈ ∋⊥+. 1†’≈ +∞∋††+ ;∋⊥+∞≈≈;=∞ ++≠ ∋∋≈+ +† †+∞ ;≈≈∞∞≈ +∞ ≠++†∞ ∋++∞† ∋+∞ ≈†;†† ≈+∋∞++≠ +∞†∞=∋≈† †+ †+;≈ ⊇∋+. 8∞’≈ †;∂∞ ∋≈+†+∞+ 4∋+⊥∋+∞† 4†≠++⊇ ++ 6∞++⊥∞ 0+≠∞†† ;≈ †+∞ ≈∞≈≈∞ †+∋† ;†’≈ ≈≤∋++ ++≠ ∋∞≤+ †+∞+ ∂≈+≠ ∋++∞† †+∞ †∞†∞+∞.


4+≠, ≈++∞†⊇ ∞=∞+++≈∞ +∞∋⊇ ;†? 5∞≈, ⊇∞†;≈;†∞†+, 1 †+;≈∂ †+∞ †+⊥;≤≈ †+∋† †+;≈ +++∂ ⊇∞∋†≈ ≠;†+ ∋+∞ +;⊥+†+ +∞†∞=∋≈†.

4≈⊇ ;† ++∞’+∞ ;≈†∞+∞≈†∞⊇ ;≈ ⊥+†;†;≤≈ ++ +∞∋∋≈ +∞+∋=;++ ++∞’†† ∋+≈† †;∂∞†+ ∞≈{++ †+;≈ +++∂. 8+≠∞=∞+, ++∞ ≈++∞†⊇ †∋∂∞ ;≈†+ ≤+≈≈;⊇∞+∋†;+≈ †+∋† ++∞’+∞ +∞∋⊇;≈⊥ ∋≈ ∞≈≈∋+ ∋††∞+ ∋††, ;† ;≈≈’† †∋≈†∋≈+ ++ ++∋∋≈≤∞ ∋≈⊇ ;† ∋†≈+ ≤+≈†∋;≈≈ ∋ †+† +† ;≈†++∋∋†;+≈ †+∋† ≈∞∞⊇≈ †+ +∞ ⊥++≤∞≈≈∞⊇ ≈+ 1 ≠+∞†⊇ +∞≤+∋∋∞≈⊇ ++∞ †+ †∋∂∞ ;† ∞∋≈+ ∋≈⊇ +∞∋⊇ .....


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