Mrs. Martin - English CP10 Eugenics, the Future of Medicine Imagine selecting genes and even to be able to shape your child’s characteristics. Imagine choosing their sex, their hair color, their eye color, their musical or their writing abilities, their sports, dance or artistic abilities, or
What is Gene Mutation and how does this work 12 Inhaltsverzeichnis Seite 2 Seite 2 Seite 3 Seite 4 Seite 5 Einleitung II. Verschiedene Mutationstypen: - Genmutation - Chromosomenmutatio­n - Genommutation Seite 6 Seite 6 Seite 6 III. Mutagene: - Chemische Mutagene - Physikalische Mutagene Seite
Designer Babies: Biology Gene Editing
Around 7.9 million children each year are born with a serious birth defect due to genetic inheritance, 30% of all deaths worldwide are due to chronic diseases (such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes) in those under 70. (Genetics, Christopher Gyngell, 2018, pg.1).
With technology advancements and extensive testing and research designer babies and genetic engineering may one day give parents the opportunity of modifying their unborn child to prevent them having debilitating diseases.
The term "designer baby" refers to a baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by genetic engineering combined with in vitro fertilization to ensure the presence or absence of genes or characteristics. (Future for All, 2018, pg. 1)
Genetic testing is a medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins.
The results from the test alert us about suspected genetic condition and can help determine a person’s chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is the term used to describe the process used to perceive a child outside the body.
IVF involves extracting the eggs from the women’s ovaries and fertilising them for a few days in a specialised laboratory. The fertilised egg (embryos) which is now called a zygote is placed back into the uterus. (IVF Australia, 2018, pg.1). This procedure has led to another procedure which allows parents to weed out genetically defective embryos. This is called preimplantatio.....[read full text]
There are many risks and challenges we must overcome before we start using PGD ang GGT to access the benefits of gene editing.
Safety is the biggest challenge scientists are trying to overcome. Following global ethical standards, no experiments should be conducted where there is a high risk of harm to the participant, and a low chance of benefit. Current techniques and procedures are imprecise and can possibly lead to extensive damage to the genome. It would be unethical if a child was born whose genome was edited w.....