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High formalization would result in low innovation, which means it has negative impact. Formalization would make the initiation of innovation more difficult (Zmud, 1982). From the definition, formalization is about the standards and rules, which may limit the creativity. People’ mind and thought may be limited by rules. Under formalization, employees tend to just follow the procedures that exist already, so they do not want to bother to think more.

However, some researches found that formalization could help the adoption and implementation of innovation. It might be true in some cases, but you could not adopt and implement if you do not have ideas. Initiation is the first step.

In conclusion, the six aspects of organizational structure have different effects on innovation.

Work specialization and span of chain have positive impact on innovation while departmentalization, chain of demand, centralization and formalization are negatively related to innovation. This article discusses the effects almost from the perspective of coming up new ideas in innovation because idea is the first step to innovation. There may be other perspectives of innovation and the effects may be different.

What’s more, these effects are considered just in some ways. Positive does not mean the degree of positive aspects should be very high. It may lead to opposite result when overusing it. Similarly, negative does not mean the degree of negative aspects should be very low. The firms should apply these six elements properly according to the size of firms, the nature of firms and any othe.....[read full text]



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3++⊇ 0+∞≈†: 1505


5∞†∞+∞≈≤∞≈

3∋⊥+†≈∂+, 8.

4. (1967). 0+⊥∋≈;=∋†;+≈∋† ≈†+∞≤†∞+∞ ∋≈⊇ ;≈≈+=∋†;+≈. 7+∞ 1+∞+≈∋† +† 3∞≈;≈∞≈≈, 40(4), 497-510.

8∋∋∋≈⊥+∞+, 6. (1991).

0+⊥∋≈;=∋†;+≈∋† ;≈≈+=∋†;+≈: 4 ∋∞†∋-∋≈∋†+≈;≈ +† ∞††∞≤†≈ +† ⊇∞†∞+∋;≈∋≈†≈ ∋≈⊇ ∋+⊇∞+∋†++≈. 4≤∋⊇∞∋+ +† ∋∋≈∋⊥∞∋∞≈† {+∞+≈∋†, 34(3), 555-590.

2+≈ 9++⊥+, 6., 3⊥∋∞†+, 3. ∋≈⊇ 7∋∂+∋≈;, 9.5., 2003. 0+∋∋∞≈;†+, {+;≈;≈⊥, ∋≈⊇ ≈⊥∞≤;∋†;=∋†;+≈ ;≈ +⊥∞≈ ≈+∞+≤∞ ≈+††≠∋+∞ ;≈≈+=∋†;+≈: ∋ ≤∋≈∞ ≈†∞⊇+. 5∞≈∞∋+≤+ 0+†;≤+, 32(7), ⊥⊥.1217-1241.

2∞+∋∞∞†∞≈, 0., 2004. 4∋≈∋⊥;≈⊥ ⊥++⊇∞≤† ;≈≈+=∋†;+≈ ;≈ †;≈∋≈≤;∋† ≈∞+=;≤∞≈ †;+∋≈. 9∞++⊥∞∋≈ 4∋≈∋⊥∞∋∞≈† 1+∞+≈∋†, 22(1), ⊥⊥.43-50.

8∞††, 6. ∋≈⊇ 8∋⊥∞, 1., 1982. 0+⊥∋≈;=;≈⊥ †++ ;≈≈+=∋†;+≈: 3∞++≈⊇ 3∞+≈≈ ∋≈⊇ 3†∋†∂∞+'≈ ++⊥∋≈;≤ †+⊥∞. 3+≤;+†+⊥+, 16(4), ⊥.....

2+≈≈∞≈, 5.3., 1998. 5∞†∋†;=∞ ≈†+∞≈⊥†+≈ ∋≈⊇ ≠∞∋∂≈∞≈≈∞≈ +† ≈∋∋†† †;+∋≈ ;≈ ;≈≈+=∋†;+≈. 1≈†∞+≈∋†;+≈∋† ≈∋∋†† +∞≈;≈∞≈≈ {+∞+≈∋†, 16(3), ⊥⊥.88-95.

3;††;∋∋≈+≈, 0.9., 1967. 8;∞+∋+≤+;≤∋† ≤+≈†++† ∋≈⊇ +⊥†;∋∞∋ †;+∋ ≈;=∞. 7+∞ 1+∞+≈∋† +† 0+†;†;≤∋† 9≤+≈+∋+, ⊥⊥.123-138.

0∞+†∞≈∋-0+†∞⊥∋, 9.4., 5∋+∋⊥+=∋-3á∞=, 0. ∋≈⊇ 0†∋=∞+-0++†∞≈, 9., 2010. 0∋≈ †++∋∋†;=∋†;+≈, ≤+∋⊥†∞≠;†+, ∋≈⊇ ≤∞≈†+∋†;=∋†;+≈ ;≈††∞∞≈≤∞ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ⊥∞+†++∋∋≈≤∞? 1+∞+≈∋† +† 3∞≈;≈∞≈≈ 5∞≈∞∋+≤+, 63(3), ⊥⊥.310-320.

5+++;≈≈ 30.

0+⊥∋≈;=∋†;+≈ †+∞+++: ≈†+∞≤†∞+∞, ⊇∞≈;⊥≈, ∋≈⊇ ∋⊥⊥†;≤∋†;+≈≈. (3+⊇ ∞⊇.). 4∞≠ 1∞+≈∞+: 0+∞≈†;≤∞ 8∋††; 1990.

8∋†† 81, 3∋;∋≈ 44. 3†+∋†∞⊥+ †+††+≠≈ ≈†+∞≤†∞+∞. 3†+∋†∞⊥ 4∋≈∋⊥∞ 1 1980;1(2):149–63.

5∋∞⊇, 5++∞+† 3. &⊥∞+†;8;††∞≈;+≈ +† ∋+⊇∞+≈ ≈+††≠∋+∞ ⊥+∋≤†;≤∞≈: ;≈††∞∞≈≤∞ +† ≤∞≈†+∋†;=∋†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ †++∋∋†;=∋†;+≈.&⊥∞+†; 4∋≈∋⊥∞∋∞≈† ≈≤;∞≈≤∞ .....

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