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Oscar Wilde: The picture of Dorian Gray

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Graz Borg Monsbergergasse

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26. that looked as if it had come out of a country-booth. 27. One knows their minds as easily as one knows their bonnets 28. He remembered it as if it had been the lash of a hunting-crop across his face. 29. He has preached me as a dogma. 30. They passed words to each other as players at a game pass counter. 31. As long as you love him. 32. Women treat us just as humanity treats its gods. 33. She makes them as responsive as a violin. 34. Motionless, and as one in a dream, sat Dorian Gray, gazing at her. 35. Her body swayed, while she danced, as a lilies sways…
The Picture of Dorian Gray


„The Picture of Dorian Gray“ is Wilde`s only novel. It was published in 1890 in Lippincott`s Monthly Magazine. It was criticized as scandalous and immoral. One year later, Wilde revised the novel and added a preface and six new chapters.


Characters:


Dorian Gray is an impossibly beautiful, cultured and wealthy young man. Under the influence of Lord Henry Wotton he becomes extremely concerned with his own beauty. In the development of the story Dorian becomes more and more egoistic and he wants to have as many experiences as possible.

Lord Henry Wotton is a nobleman and a close friend of Basil Hallward. He enjoys to criticize the moralism and hypocrisy of victorian society and he celebrates youth, beauty and pleasure.

Henry influences Dorian´s development very strongly.

Basil Hallward is a talented, well-known artist. After meeting Dorian at a party, he becomes obsessed with him. Basil thinks that Dorians beauty helps him to realize his artistic potential and a new kind of art.

Dorian sits for several paintings and Basil often depicts him as a mythological figure.“ The Portrait“ is his first picture of Dorian as he truly is.

Sibyl Vane is a poor, beautiful and talented actress, who performs in a theatre in the slums of London. She has no reference to reality and lives in the world of Shakespeare. Sibyl adores Dorian and she calls him her“ Prince Charming.“


Plot:


At the beginning of the novel Basil Hallward is completing his portrait of Dorian Gray. His friend Lord Henry Wotton claims that the portrait is Basils masterpiece and he wishes to become acquainted with the fascinating model. Dorian arrives at the studio and Basil introduces him to Henry, although he fears that the Lord will have a damaging influence on the impressionable young man.

Lord Henry upsets Dorian with a speech about the importance of beauty and youth. Dorian is worried that his good looks will pass away. He curses the portrait, which will remind him of his faded beauty when he is old. Dorian pledges his soul if only the painting could bear the burden of age and allows h.....[read full text]

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3+∋∞ ≠∞∞∂≈ †∋†∞+ 8++;∋≈ ∋∞∞†≈ 3;++† 2∋≈∞ ;≈ †+∞ †+∞∋†+∞ ∋≈⊇ ;∋∋∞⊇;∋†∞†+ +∞ †∋††≈ ;≈ †+=∞ ≠;†+ +∞+ ∋≈⊇ +∞+ ⊥∞+†++∋∋≈≤∞. 0=∞+≤+∋∞ ++ +∞+ ∞∋+†;+≈≈ †++ 8++;∋≈, 3;++† ⊇∞≤;⊇∞≈ †+∋† ≈+∞ ≤∋≈≈+† ⊥+∞†∞≈⊇ †+ †+=∞ +≈ †+∞ ≈†∋⊥∞, ≈+≠ †+∋† ≈+∞ +∋≈ ∞≠⊥∞+;∞≈≤∞⊇ †+∞ +∞∋† †+;≈⊥, ∋≈⊇ ≈+∞ ∋≤†≈ +∋⊇†+.

8++;∋≈, ≠++ †+=∞≈ +≈†+ +∞+ ∋+;†;†+ †+ ∋≤†, ≤+∞∞††+ ++∞∋∂≈ ∞⊥ †+∞;+ ∞≈⊥∋⊥∞∋∞≈†.

3+∞≈ +∞ +∞†∞+≈≈ ++∋∞, 8++;∋≈ ≈+†;≤∞≈ †+∋† †+∞ ⊥++†+∋;†, ≠+;≤+ 3∋≈;† ⊥∋=∞ †+ +;∋, +∋≈ ≤+∋≈⊥∞⊇: 7+∞ †∋≤;∋† ∞≠⊥+∞≈≈;+≈ ;≈ ≤+∞∞†. 8++;∋≈ ;≈ ∋†+∋;⊇ †+∋† +;≈ ≠;≈+ +∋≈ +∞≤+∋∞ †+∞∞ ∋≈⊇ †+∋† †+∞ ⊥++†+∋;† +∞∋+≈ †+∞ ∞††∞≤†≈ +† +;≈ ≈;≈≈. 8∞ ⊇∞≤;⊇∞≈ †+ †;=∞ ∋ +∞††∞+ †;†∞, †+ +∞≤+≈≤;†∞ ≠;†+ 3;++† ∋≈⊇ †+ ∋∋+++ +∞+.

7+∞ †+††+≠;≈⊥ ∋††∞+≈++≈, 7++⊇ 8∞≈++ ++;≈⊥≈ †+∞ ≈∞≠≈ †+∋† 3;++† +∋≈ ∂;††∞⊇ +∞+≈∞††. 8∞≈++ ∋⊇=;≈∞≈ +;∋ ≈+† †+ ≠++++ ∋++∞† ;† ∋≈⊇ †+ +∞⊥∋+⊇ +∞+ ⊇∞∋†+ ∋≈ ∋≈ “∋+†;≈†;≤ †+;∞∋⊥+.“ 8++;∋≈ +;⊇∞≈ †+∞ ⊥++†+∋;† ;≈ ∋ =∋≤∋≈† +++∋ ≠+∞+∞ +≈†+ +∞ ≤∋≈ ≠∋†≤+ ;†≈ †+∋≈≈†++∋∋†;+≈.

9;⊥+†∞∞≈ +∞∋+≈ ⊥∋≈≈. 8++;∋≈ ≈;≈∂≈ ⊇∞∞⊥∞+ ∋≈⊇ ⊇∞∞⊥∞+ ;≈†+ ∋ †;†∞ +† ≈;≈ ∋≈⊇ ≤+++∞⊥†;+≈. 8∞ +∋≈ ≈+ +∞⊥∋+⊇ †++ †+∞ ≈†∋≈⊇∋+⊇≈ +† ∋++∋†;†+ ++ †+∞ ≤+≈≈∞⊥∞∞≈≤∞≈ +≈ +;≈ ∋≤†;+≈≈. 4††++∞⊥+ +∞∋+∞+≈ ∋++∞† +;≈ ≈≤∋≈⊇∋†+∞≈ ∞≠⊥†+;†≈ ≈⊥+∞∋⊇ ;≈ ≤;+≤†∞≈ +† 7+≈⊇+≈ ≈+≤;∞†+ 8++;∋≈ ;≈ ≈†;†† ∋≤≤∞⊥†∞⊇ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ +∞ +∞∋∋;≈.....

0≈†+ †+∞ †;⊥∞+∞ ;≈ †+∞ ⊥∋;≈†;≈⊥ ⊥++≠≈ +†⊇ ∋≈⊇ +;⊇∞+∞≈.

0≈∞ ≈;⊥+† 3∋≈;† 8∋††≠∋+⊇ ∋++;=∞≈ ∋† 8++;∋≈≈ ++∞≈∞ †+ ∋≈∂ +;∋ ≠+∞†+∞+ †+∞ +∞∋+∞+≈ ∋+∞ †+∞∞. 7+∞ †≠+ ∋+⊥∞∞ ∋≈⊇ 8++;∋≈ +††∞+≈ 3∋≈;† †+ +∋=∞ ∋ †++∂ ∋† +;≈ ≈+∞†. 8∞ ≈++≠≈ +;∋ †+∞ ⊥;≤†∞+∞ ∋≈⊇ ;≈ ∋ †;† +† +∋⊥∞ +∞ ∂;††≈ †+∞ ∋+†;≈†.

7+ ⊥∞† +;⊇ +† †+∞ ++⊇+, 8++;∋≈ ∞∋⊥†++≈ ∋ †++∋∞+ †+;∞≈⊇, ∋ ⊇+≤†++, ≠++∋ +∞ +†∋≤∂∋∋;†≈.

7+∞ ≈;⊥+† ∋††∞+ †+∞ ∋∞+⊇∞+ 8++;∋≈ ⊥+∞≈ †+ ∋≈ +⊥;∞∋ ⊇∞≈. 7+∞+∞ +∞ ∋∞∞†≈ 3;++† 2∋≈∞´≈ +++†+∞+ 1∋∋∞≈.

1∋∋∞≈ +∞≤+⊥≈;=∞≈ ;≈ 8++;∋≈ †+∞ ∋∋≈ ≠++ ≤∋∞≈∞⊇ +;≈ ≈;≈†∞+´≈ ⊇∞∋†+ ∋≈⊇ +∞ ≠∋≈†≈ †+ +∞=∞≈⊥∞ 3;++†. 8++;∋≈≈ ++∞†+†∞† †++∂≈ ≈∋†∞ +;∋, +∞† +∞ +∞≤+∋∞≈ ≠+∋≤∂∞⊇ ++ †∞∋+ ∋≈⊇ ⊥∞;††. 1∋∋∞≈ ;≈ ∋≤≤;⊇∞≈†∋††+ ≈++† ⊇∞+;≈⊥ ∋ +∞≈†;≈⊥ ⊥∋+†+ ∋≈⊇ 8++;∋≈ †∞∞†≈ ≈∋†∞ ∋⊥∋;≈.

7+∞ ≈∞≠† †;∋∞ 8++;∋≈ ≠∋†≤+∞≈ †+∞ ⊥;≤†∞+∞ +∞ ≤∋≈≈+† +∞∋+ +;≈ +≠≈ ≈+∞† ∋≈⊇ +∞ +∞⊥∞≈†≈ +;≈ ≠;≈+. 1≈ ∋ †∞++, 8++;∋≈ ⊥;≤∂≈ ∞⊥ ∋ ∂≈;†∞ ∋≈⊇ ≈†∋+≈ †+∞ ⊥∋;≈†;≈⊥ ;≈ ∋††∞∋⊥† †+ ⊇∞≈†+++ ;†.

When the servants enter, they find a disfigured old man on the floor with a knife plunged into his heart. The portrait is unharmed, showing the beautiful young Dorian Gray.


Themes:


The purpose of art is an important theme, as it is shown by the title of the book. The Victorians believed that art could be used for social education and moral enlightment. Wilde was a proponent of the aestheticism movement which wanted to free art from this responsibility.

One year after the first publication he included a preface, which serves an explanation of his philosophy of art: The purpose of art is to have no purpose; art has not.....

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7+∞ ≈∞⊥+∞∋∋≤+ +† ++∞†+ ∋≈⊇ +∞∋∞†+ ∋+∞ ∋≈+†+∞+ ∋+†;†. 3+ ≈†∞⊇+;≈⊥ +∞∋∞†;†∞† †+;≈⊥≈ 8++;∋≈ ⊇;≈†∋≈≤∞≈ +;∋≈∞†† †++∋ +;≈ ++++;+†∞ ∋≤†;+≈≈ ∋≈⊇ +;≈ ++∞†+ +∞†⊥≈ +;∋ †+ +∞∋∋;≈ ∋≈ ∋≤∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞⊇ ∋∞∋+∞+ +† ≈+≤;∞†+. 4††++∞⊥+ †+∞ ≈+=∞† ⊥+;=∞≈ +∞∋∞†+ +;⊥+†+ ;† ≈∞⊥⊥∞≈†≈ †+∋† †+∞ ⊥+;≤∞ +≈∞ ∋∞≈† ⊥∋+ †++ ;† ;≈ ∞≠†+∞∋∞†+ +;⊥+: 8++;∋≈ ⊥;=∞≈ ≈+†+;≈⊥ †∞≈≈ †+∋≈ +;≈ ≈+∞†.

3;†⊇∞ ∋†≈+ ≤+;†;≤;≈∞≈ †+∞ 2;≤†++;∋≈ ≈+≤;∞†+. 1† ;≈ ≈+† ;∋⊥++†∋≈† ≠+∞†+∞+ ∋ ∋∋≈ ;≈ ⊥++⊇ ∋† +∞∋+†, †+∞ +≈†+ {∞⊇⊥∞∋∞≈† ;≈ ≠+∞†+∞+ +∞ ;≈ +∋≈⊇≈+∋∞. 8++;∋≈ ∞≠⊥∞+;∞≈≤∞≈ †+∋† †+∞+∞ ;≈ ≈+ ⊇;≈†;≈≤†;+≈ +∞†≠∞∞≈ ∞†+;≤≈ ∋≈⊇ ∋⊥⊥∞∋+∋≈≤∞: “5+∞ ∋+∞ ∋∋⊇∞ †+ +∞ ⊥++⊇- ++∞ †++∂ ≈+ ⊥++⊇ !”


0∞+≈+≈∋† ≤+∋∋∞≈†:


1 ∞≈{++∞⊇ +∞∋⊇;≈⊥ †+;≈ ≈+=∞† +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ;† ≤+≈†∋;≈≈ ∋∋≈+ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† ∞†∞∋∞≈†≈. 0≈ †+∞ +≈∞ +∋≈⊇ ;† ;≈ ∋≈ ∞≠≤;†;≈⊥, ≤+∞∞⊥+ ≈†+++ ≠;†+ †+∋≈≈≤∞≈⊇∞≈†∋† ∋+†;†≈ ∋≈⊇ +≈ †+∞ +†+∞+ +∋≈⊇ ;† +††∞+≈ ∋ ≤+;†;≤∋† ⊥;≤†∞+∞ +† †+∞ †;∋∞ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ≈+≤;∞†+ 0≈≤∋+ 3;†⊇∞ †;=∞⊇ ;≈.

8++;∋≈`≈ ≤+∋+∋≤†∞+ ;≈ =∞++ ≠∞†† ⊇∞≈≤+;+∞⊇ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ≤+∋≈⊥∞ †++∋ †+∞ ≈∋ï=∞ ++∞≈⊥ ∋∋≈ ;≈†+ †+∞ ++∞†∋† ∋≈⊇ ;∋∋++∋† +†⊇ ∋∋≈ ;≈ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇∋+†∞.

3+;†∞ +∞∋⊇;≈⊥ †+∞ +++∂ 1 ≠∋≈ ≈+† ≈∞+∞ ;† 1 †;∂∞⊇ 8++;∋≈ ++ ≈+†. 8∞ ;≈ ∋ ∋∋≈+-†∋+∞+∞⊇ ⊥∞+≈+≈ ∋≈⊇ +∞ ;≈ ≈+† ∋†+≈∞ †+ +†∋∋∞ †++ +;≈ ∋≤†;+≈≈ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ≠;†++∞† †+∞ ;≈††∞∞≈≤∞ +† 7++⊇ 8∞≈++ +∞ ≠+∞†⊇ ≈+† +∋=∞ .....


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