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Reduce and Prevent Drug Abuse

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Hong Kong Polytechnic University - PolyU HK

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A, Victor Wong, 2015

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The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

School of Professional Education and Executive Development

General University Requirements (GUR)

SPD2310 Personal Management

(Semester 1, 2015/16)

Group Project

Subject Lecturer: Mr. V. C.

Tutorial Group: F11B

Team # : _

Word Count: _ words

Index

Sections

Page

Introduction

P.

Background

P.

Prevent the abuse of drugs

P.

Reduce the abuse of drugs

P.

Other countries’s example

P.

Recommendations and action plan

P.

Conclusion

P.

References

P.

Appendix

·

P.

Introduction

Drug abuse, also meaning by substance abuse with public health and medical definitions.

It refers to the taking of drugs without following medical advice or prescription, or the indiscreet use of dangerous drugs for non-treatment purposes.

In Hong Kong, Heroin is the most commonly abused drug which it accounted for 28.9% of all illegal drug use and claims that more than 25% of drug abuse for those aged under 21. The most commonly psychotropic substance abused is Ketamine for teenagers.

In order to combat the drug problem, the government has allocated substantial public funds to finance the implementation for drug control.

The average annual budget more than 700 million, which is about 45% earmarked for treatment and rehabilitation purposes. This ratio is even higher than the United States, Hong Kong's treatment and care for drug money. Thus, drug abuse problem makes a significant burden for the government. On the other hand, why the trend of teen drug use in Hong Kong are decreasing, but the government using of money for drug control also are increasing? So that is the reason why drug abuse situation has not got much improved and it should be pay more attention for the drug problem.


Background

In recent years, government has done some works .....[read full text]

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7+;≈ †∋+†∞ ≈++≠≈ †+∋† †+∞ †+∞≈⊇ +† †;+≈† ∋+∞≈∞ †++∋ 2012 †+ 2015.

7+∞ ⊥+∋⊥+ ;≈ ⊥†+††∞⊇ +∋≈∞⊇ +≈ †+∞ ∋++=∞ †∋+†∞. 7+∞≈ †+∞ ≈+. +† †;+≈† ∋+∞≈∞ ⊥∞+≈+≈ †++∋ 2012 †+ 2015 +∋≈ ≈;⊥≈;†;≤∋≈††+ ⊇∞≤+∞∋≈∞ †+∞≈⊇.

6++∋ †+∞ ⊥+=∞+≈∋∞≈† ⊇∋†∋, ;† ≈++≠≈ †+∋† 90.1% +† †+∞ ≈+≈-⊇+∞⊥-†∋∂;≈⊥ ≈†∞⊇∞≈†≈ +∋⊇ +∞∋+⊇ +† ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋∞≈≈∋⊥∞≈. 81.9% +† †+∞∋ †+++∞⊥+ †+∞ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ †∋†∂≈; 77.7% +† †+∞∋ †+++∞⊥+ ∋∋≈≈ ∋∞⊇;∋ ≈∞≤+ ∋≈ 72, +∋⊇;+, ≈∞≠≈⊥∋⊥∞+; 70.8% +† †+∞∋ †+++∞⊥+ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ⊥+≈†∞+≈, ∋≈⊇ 69.9% +† †+∞∋ †+++∞⊥+ ≈≤+++† ≤∞++;≤∞†∞∋/ ∋∋†∞+;∋†.

7+∞≈∞ ≤+∋≈≈∞†≈ ≠∞+∞ ∋†≈+ †+⊥ ≈+∞+≤∞≈ +∞⊥++†∞⊇ ++ ≈†∞⊇∞≈†≈ ∋≤++≈≈ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† ∞⊇∞≤∋†;+≈ †∞=∞†≈ ⊇∞≈⊥;†∞ ;≈ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† ⊥++⊥++†;+≈≈.

4 +∞∋∋+∂∋+†∞ ;≈≤+∞∋≈∞ ;≈ †+∞ ⊥∋+†;≤;⊥∋†;+≈ ;≈ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋≤†;=;†;∞≈ ∋∋+≈⊥≈† †+∞ ≈+≈-⊇+∞⊥-†∋∂;≈⊥ ≈†∞⊇∞≈†≈ (69.9% ;≈ 2011 ∋≈⊇ 47.6% ;≈ 2008) ≠∋≈ ≈+†∞⊇.

4∋+≈⊥ †++≈∞ ≠++ ⊥∋+†;≤;⊥∋†∞⊇ ;≈ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋≤†;=;†;∞≈, 76.8% +† †+∞∋ †+++∞⊥+ “≈∞∋;≈∋+≈/ †∋†∂≈”, 40.9% +† †+∞∋ †+++∞⊥+ “≤†∋≈≈+++∋ ∋≤†;=;†;∞≈ (∞.⊥. ⊥++{∞≤† ≠++∂)”; 27.9% +† †+∞∋ †+++∞⊥+ †+∞ “≤+∋⊥∞†;†;+≈ (∞.⊥. ∋∞≈;≤/ ≈†+⊥∋≈-∋∋∂;≈⊥)”. 7+∞≈∞ ≠∞+∞ †+∞ ∋+≈† ≤+∋∋+≈ ∋.....


1≈ 2015, 4≤†;+≈ 0+∋∋;††∞∞ 4⊥∋;≈≈† 4∋+≤+†;≤≈ ≈++≠∞⊇ †+∞ †;⊥∞+∞≈ +† ⊇+∞⊥ ∋+∞≈∞ †+∋† ⊇+∞⊥ ∞≈∞ ;≈ 8+≈⊥ 9+≈⊥ ≤+≈†;≈∞∞≈ †+ ⊇∞≤†;≈∞, †+∞ †+†∋† ≈∞∋+∞+ +† +∞⊥++†∞⊇ ⊇+∞⊥ ∋+∞≈∞+≈ †∞†† 11% +∞∋+-+≈-+∞∋+ †+ 2,972 ;≈ †+∞ †;+≈† ⊥∞∋+†∞+ +† †+∞ +∞∋+, ≠+;†∞ †+∞ ≈∞∋+∞+ +† +∞⊥++†∞⊇ ⊇+∞⊥ ∋+∞≈∞+≈ ∋⊥∞⊇ †∞≠∞+ †+∋≈ 21 ⊇++⊥⊥∞⊇ 25% †+ 224 ⊥∞+⊥†∞ (≈∞≠≈ 6+=., 2015).


4††++∞⊥+ †+∞ †+∞≈⊇ +† †∞∞≈ ⊇+∞⊥ ∞≈∞ ;≈ 8+≈⊥ 9+≈⊥ ∋+∞ ⊇∞≤+∞∋≈;≈⊥, ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ≈++∞†⊇ ≈+† ;⊥≈++∞ †+∞ +∞∋† ≈∞∋+∞+ +† †∞∞≈ ⊇+∞⊥ ∞≈∞ ≈++∞†⊇ +∞ ∋++∞.

7+;≈ ;≈ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ †+∋† †+∞ ⊥∞+;+⊇ +† ∋⊇+†∞≈≤∞≈≤∞ ;≈ ∋≈ ;∋⊥++†∋≈† †;∋∞ †++ ∋∞≈†∋† ∋≈⊇ ⊥++≈;≤∋† ⊇∞=∞†+⊥∋∞≈†. 7∞∞≈∋⊥∞+’≈ ++∋;≈≈ ∋+∞ ≈†;†† ⊥++≠;≈⊥ ∋≈⊇ †+∞+ ∋+∞ ∞∋≈+ †+ +∞ †∞∋⊥†∞⊇ †++ ⊇+∞⊥≈ ∋≈⊇ †+∞+∞ ;≈ ∞≈;≈⊥ ∋⊇⊇;≤†;=∞ ⊇+∞⊥≈ ∋† †+;≈ ∋+∋∞≈† ;≈ =∞++ ⊇∋≈⊥∞++∞≈.

0+∞=∞≈† †+∞ ∋+∞≈∞ +† ⊇+∞⊥≈

0+∞=∞≈†;=∞ ∞⊇∞≤∋†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ ⊥∞+†;≤;†+ ;≈ +≈∞ +† †+∞ ⊥+;≈≤;⊥∋† ∋∞∋≈∞+∞≈ †+ ≤+∋+∋† ⊇+∞⊥ ∋+∞≈∞ ⊥+++†∞∋.

The objectives of general preventive drug education and publicity measures are to deepen the public’s understanding and awareness of the risk factors leading to drug abuse; strengthen people’s resistance to the lure of drugs and peer influence and change their casual attitude to drug abuse; encourage parents, teachers and different stakeholders of the community to work together to tackle youth drug abuse through a collaborative approach; and mobilise the community to assist youth at risk and foster a drug-free youth culture in the community.

From previous data, anti-drug seminars or talks, mass media, school curriculum or materials and competition are the most effective ways to prevent drug abuse which result in remarkable decrease No. of .....

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4∋{++ ⊥∞+†;≤;†+ ≤∋∋⊥∋;⊥≈

4 †≠+-+∞∋+ †∞++;†+++-≠;⊇∞ ≤∋∋⊥∋;⊥≈ ∋⊥∋;≈≈† ++∞†+ ⊇+∞⊥ ∋+∞≈∞ ≠;†+ †+∞ †+∞∋∞ “4+ 8+∞⊥≈, 4+ 5∞⊥+∞†≈.

4+† 4+≠, 4+† 9=∞+” †+ †∞+†+∞+ ≈†+∞≈⊥†+∞≈ †+∞ +∞≈+†=∞ +† ⊥∞+⊥†∞ †+ ≈†∋+ ∋≠∋+ †++∋ ⊇+∞⊥≈. 7+;≈ ≤∋∋⊥∋;⊥≈ ;≈≤†∞⊇∞ †+††+≠;≈⊥ ∋≤†;=;†;∞≈.

0+∋⊥∞†;†;+≈

1≈ 2007, ∋ +;⊥ ++⊥ ⊇∋≈≤∞ ∋≈⊇ ∋∞≈;≤ ≤+∋⊥∞†;†;+≈ ≠∋≈ {+;≈††+ ++⊥∋≈;≈∞⊇ †+ ⊥++∋+†∞ ∋ ⊇+∞⊥-†+∞∞ +∞∋††++ †;†∞≈†+†∞.

1≈ 2008, †≠+ ∋∋{++ ⊥++{∞≤†≈, ;≈≤†∞⊇;≈⊥ ∋ ⊇+∋∋∋ †+∋;≈;≈⊥ ∋≈⊇ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ⊥++⊥+∋∋∋∞ ≤+-++⊥∋≈;≈∞⊇, ∋≈⊇ ∋≈ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ≈+++† †;†∋ ≤+∋⊥∞†;†;+≈ +∞†⊇ ≠∞+∞ †∋∞≈≤+∞⊇ †+ +∞†⊥ ++∞≈⊥≈†∞+≈ ∋≤⊥∞;+∞ ∋ +∞††∞+ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇;≈⊥ +† †+∞ ⊇;+∞ ≤+≈≈∞⊥∞∞≈≤∞≈ +† ⊇+∞⊥ ∋+∞≈∞.

7+∞≈∞ ∋+∞ †+∞ ∞≈∞†∞† ∋≤†;=;†;∞≈ ∋≈ ∋++∞† 30% ⊥∞+≈+≈≈ ≠∞+∞ ;≈†.....

4∋≈≈ ∋∞⊇;∋

72 ⊇+∋∋∋ ≈∞+;∞≈, “7+∞ 3∞∋∞†+ +† †+∞ 6∋∋∞” ≠∋≈ ⊥++⊇∞≤∞⊇ ∋≈⊇ +++∋⊇≤∋≈† +≈ 723 0+∋≈≈∞†, +;⊥+†;⊥+†;≈⊥ †+∞ +∋+∋†∞† ∞††∞≤†≈ +† ⊇+∞⊥ ∋+∞≈∞.

7+;≈ ;≈ ∋†≈+ ≠++∂ ∋≈ ∋++∞† 77.7% +† ≈+≈-⊇+∞⊥-†∋∂;≈⊥ ≈†∞⊇∞≈†≈ +∞≤∞;=∞⊇ †+∞ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋∞≈≈∋⊥∞≈.

4≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ⊥+≈†∞+≈

4≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ++=;≈⊥ ∞≠+;+;†;+≈ ⊥∋≈∞†≈ ≠∞+∞ †∞≈† †+ ⊥+;∋∋++ ∋≈⊇ ≈∞≤+≈⊇∋++ ≈≤+++†≈ †++ ⊇;≈⊥†∋+ ∋† ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋≤†;=;†;∞≈.

4++∞ †+∋≈ 230 ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ++=;≈⊥ ∞≠+;+;†;+≈≈ ≠∞+∞ ≈†∋⊥∞⊇ +∞†≠∞∞≈ 2007 ∋≈⊇ 2010. 7+∞≈, ;† ;≈ ∞≈∞†∞† ∋≈ 70.8% +† ≈+≈-⊇+∞⊥-†∋∂;≈⊥ ≈†∞⊇∞≈†≈ +∞≤∞;=∞⊇ †+∞ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋∞≈≈∋⊥∞≈

0∋+∞≈†≈

0++∋+†;+≈∋† ∋∋†∞+;∋†≈ †∋+⊥∞†;≈⊥ ⊥∋+∞≈†≈ ≠∞+∞ ≈∞≈† †+ +=∞+ †≠+ ∋;††;+≈ ++∞≈∞++†⊇≈ †+⊥∞†+∞+ ≠;†+ †+∞ +;††≈ +† †+∞ 5∋†;≈⊥≈ ∋≈⊇ 2∋†∞∋†;+≈ 8∞⊥∋+†∋∞≈† ∋≈⊇ 3∋†∞+ 3∞⊥⊥†;∞≈ 8∞⊥∋+†∋∞≈† ;≈ 2008 ∋≈⊇ 2009 †+ ⊇+;=∞ ++∋∞ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋∞≈≈∋⊥∞≈.

4 †∋+⊥∞ ≈≤∋†∞ ⊥∋+∞≈† ≈∞∋;≈∋+ ⊥++∋+†;≈⊥ ⊥∋+∞≈†≈’ ∋≠∋+∞≈∞≈≈ +† †+∞ ;≈≈∞∞ ≠∋≈ ∋†≈+ ++⊥∋≈;≈∞⊇ +≈ 4∞⊥∞≈† 8, 2009.

8+≠∞=∞+ ;† ;≈ ≈+† ∞≈∞†∞†, ∋≈ ⊥++†;+≈ +† ≈+≈-⊇+∞⊥-†∋∂;≈⊥ ≈†∞⊇∞≈†≈ +∞≤∞;=∞⊇ †+∞ ∋≈†;-⊇+∞⊥ ∋∞≈≈∋⊥∞≈ †++∋ .....

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