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Reduce and Prevent Drug Abuse

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Sociology

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Hong Kong Polytechnic University - PolyU HK

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A, Victor Wong, 2015

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The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

School of Professional Education and Executive Development

General University Requirements (GUR)

SPD2310 Personal Management

(Semester 1, 2015/16)

Group Project

Subject Lecturer: Mr.

Tutorial Group: F11B

Team # : _

Word Count: _ words

Index

Sections

Page

Introduction

P.

Background

P.

Prevent the abuse of drugs

P.

Reduce the abuse of drugs

P.

Other countries’s example

P.

Recommendations and action plan

P.

Conclusion

P.

References

P.

Appendix

·

P.

Introduction

Drug abuse, also meaning by substance abuse with public health and medical definitions. It refers to the taking of drugs without following medical advice or prescription, or the indiscreet use of dangerous drugs for non-treatment purposes.

In Hong Kong, Heroin is the most commonly abused drug which it accounted for 28.9% of all illegal drug use and claims that more than 25% of drug abuse for those aged under 21. The most commonly psychotropic substance abused is Ketamine for teenagers.

In order to combat the drug problem, the government has allocated substantial public funds to finance the implementation for drug control. The average annual budget more than 700 million, which is about 45% earmarked for treatment and rehabilitation purposes. This ratio is even higher than the United States, Hong Kong's treatment and care for drug money. Thus, drug abuse problem makes a significant burden for the government.

On the other hand, why the trend of teen drug use in Hong Kong are decreasing, but the government using of money for drug control also are increasing? So that is the reason why drug abuse situation has not got much improved and it should be pay more attention for the drug problem.

Background

In recent years, government has done some works to prevent drug abuse. This table shows that the trend of first abuse from 2012 to 2015.

The graph is plotted based on the above table. Thus the no. of first abuse person from 2012 to 2015 has significantly decrease trend.

From the government data, it shows that 90.1% of the non-drug-taking students had heard of anti-drug messages. 81.9% of them through the anti-drug talks; 77.7% of them through mass media such as TV, radio, newspaper; 70.8% of them through anti-drug posters, and 69.9% of them through school curriculum/ material. These channels were also top sources reported by students across different education levels despite in different proportions.

A remarkable increase in the participation in anti-drug activities amongst the non-drug-taking students (69.9% in 2011 and 47.6% in 2008) was noted. Among those who participated in anti-drug activities, 76.8% of them through “seminars/ talks”, 40.9% of them through “classroom activities (e.g. project work)”; 27.9% of them through the “competition (e.g. music/ slogan-making)”. These were the most common .....[read full text]

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Major publicity campaign

A two-year territory-wide campaign against youth drug abuse with the theme “No Drugs, No Regrets. Not Now, Not Ever” to further strengthen the resolve of people to stay away from drugs. This campaign include following activities.

Competition

In 2007, a hip hop dance and music competition was jointly organised to promote a drug-free healthy lifestyle. In 2008, two major projects, including a drama training and production programme co-organised, and an anti-drug short film competition held were launched to help youngsters acquire a better understanding of the dire consequences of drug abuse.

These are the useful activities as about 30% persons were interested in this method.

Mass media

TV drama series, “The Beauty of the Game” was produced and broadcast on TVB Channel, highlighting the harmful effects of drug abuse. This is also work as about 77.7% of non-drug-taking students received the anti-drug messages.

.....

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To begin with, school drug testing is an efficient method for reducing the drugster. School drug testing is provided by the Narcotics Division of Security Bureau and the purpose of this testing is to let those students have drugs abuse to quit drugs and seek help. In other to, it provides the support services to put those students have drugs abuse to out of the drug trap.

The SDT team will select and test 3% to 5% of students randomly with this programme. According to the survey of Narcotics Division, there are 74% (Table 1) of participated believe that this programme can trigger motivation of those who abused drugs to quit drugs. Also, some 80 students abusing drugs go to the CCPSA voluntarily and get the help from the support services.

It is show that this programme can discover the drugster effectively and it is achieve remarkable success.

Table 1

Furthermore, the anther method is treatment and rehabilitation services. There are four programme of this service in Hong Kong including Compulsory placement programme, Out-patient methadone treatment programme, Substance Abuse Clinic and Support the treatment and rehabilitation of non- government organization. According to the survey of Narcotics Division, the success rate of compulsory placement programme is 64.5% in 2014 (Table 2).

Table 2

In other to, the average daily attendance rate of outpatient methadone treatment programme is 75.5% in 2014 (Table 3).

Table 3

Compare with 2009 to 2014, the success rate of compulsory placement programme and out-patient methadone treatment programme is descend, which have 8.69% and 0.7% respectively (Table 3). It is mean that the effects of government drug rehabilitation center in 2014 is lower.

The hidden drug abuse remains a concern. According to the survey of Narcotics Division, half of the abusers had abused drugs for at least 5.2 years in 2014 (Table 4). Compare with 2009, it has more than five years. It is mean that the new cases of drug abuse are not increase. However, the old abusers are continue to drug abuse. Therefore, although the success rate is more than half, the problem of d.....

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Also, they need to attend one external Narcotivs Anonymous meeting every day. There is a lot of example of success of recovering from drugs abuse. For example, Shigeo Nomura spent about 40 years of his life doing all sorts of drugs, He arrive to DARC and has been sober for a year and four months. After that, he said that it is easy to quit inside the prison walls but not that easy to drug and DARC help a lot with me.

In Taiwan, There is Advanced Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment Institute (ADAPT) to prevent abuse of drugs. ADAPT is focus on research of drug prevention and spit it into seven field: drug investigation and monitoring (E.g., drug database building), policy evaluation (E.g., policy to control 3rd and 4th grades of drug), drug abstinence, preventative education (E.g., introduce individuals from different backgrounds to the drug prevention field.), policy making, the network of social integration, and juvenile drug abuse prevention.

Also, there are international cooperation with NIDA (US), AIC (Australia) and EMCDDA (UN).

In America, the department that control drug abuse is National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). There are three way to do. First, they highlights parenting skills are important for preventing drug among youth with positive and negative examples of skill, So they have Family Checkup to help the public. Second, is the TV Spotlight about communities that care. They will have a TV interview discuss on treating addiction through a community supported science based approach.

Third, is to meeting community leaders in NIDA. This is the first virtual town hall meeting. There will be representatives from key federal agencies involved in preventing and combating substance abuse in the United States.


For achieving successful drug abuse prevention among young people, the understanding and cooperation from families and local communities are essential. In Singapore, the government infuses the drug abuse information to the public through mass media including TV, newspapers and periodicals. Apart from that, it sets up a number of drug extermination projects to foster people’s awareness of the n.....

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With the successful school education, youngsters in Singapore could be avoided from drug abuse.

UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Program and the Centre for International Crime Prevention. UNDCO organizes different kinds of programs in drug abuse prevention. Family skills training programs in drug abuse prevention and PEER TO PEER strategies drug abuse prevention.

For family skill training program, it targets the whole family and offer skills-building for parents on monitoring and supervision of children’s activities, communication and setting age appropriate limits. For PEER TO PEER strategies drug abuse prevention, it uses the same age or same background educator to convey anti- drug messages to young people. Young people tend to listen and communication to their peer and therefore peer is suitable for infusing the drug abuse prevention to young people.

These two programs are feasible for Hong Kong government to introduce.

Recommendations and action plan

Conclusion

References

Narcotics Division, Security Bureau. (2010). Trial Scheme on School Drug Testing in Tai Po District. Retrieved from


Narcotics Division, Security Bureau. (2015). The Three-year Plan on Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Services in Hong Kong (2015 .....

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