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Realschule Trossingen

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1,2 ; I. Frey ; 2016

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Today there is nearly no one, who is not presented in any form of a social network, such as facebook, blogs in the internet or in the form of a personal website. These social structures are made up of individuals or organizations called ‛nodes­217­, which are connected by one ore more specific types of independency. About 85% of all adolescents over 14, are registered in a social network. It is used like a meeting place, to share links, videos, pictures etc. Even the pope and Obama, own a video channel were people can get informed…
Ida , 24.02.12 Dangers and chances of social networks Facebook. A website, which always is discussed. Riots spread across Facebook faster than you can control it. Or how often it was in the news that unfortunately everyone could see invitations for birthday parties, only because you missed the small print. How often on parties: “Let’s take a photo! “(No matter how drunk you are). And on the next day: You find the photo on Facebook (it looks everything else than pretty or civilized), and everyone laughs at you. None of us is aware of what happens…

SOCIAL NETWORKS

GFS DOCUMENTATION BY

CLASS 9B

Structure:

  1. What are social networks?

1.1 Definition of “social network”

1.2 Main users of social networks

1.3 Smartphone or computer/laptop?

  1. History and development

    1. Before 2000

    2. After 2000

  2. Comparison of different social networks

    1. Facebook

    2. Instagram

    3. Twitter

  3. Benefits of social networks

  4. Dangers and risks

  5. Interesting facts

  6. Sources

    Short introduction:

    Nowadays, social networks take part in the daily life of adults, teenagers and even children. People encounter them inevitably while surfing on the Internet. Their popularity has grown at a tearing pace because all generations have come to embrace the chances social networks have brought with. Therefore I would like to present you some important things which are good to know about this topic.

    1. What are social networks?

    1.1 Definition of “social network”

    A “social network” is a website, an online community or an online service where generally anyone can create an account and be a member of. The members are often friends, colleagues, coworkers, relatives or family, people who share the same interests or same opinions or just simple acquaintances. They can connect and interact with each other, send messages or chat, post pictures, share moments or things they are interested about, make new online friends, depending on the social network they log into.

    1.2 Main users of social networks

    Teenagers and adults are the most fanatic users of these sites, even though older people are also excited about this new technology.

    This graphic shows the age distribution of active social media users worldwide in the period of time July until September 2014.

    As you can see in this graphic, the most users (38%) of the social network Tumblr are between ages 16-24, but also adults between ages 25-34 have scored a high percentage (32%).

    On Instragram, like on Tumblr, most users (37%) are between ages 16-24 and the second highest percentage are young adults between ages 25-34 (34%).

    Most people older than 45 years visit sites like Facebook (24%) and LinkedIn (21%).

    The highest percentage of people between ages 55-64 can be found on Facebook with a total of 9% of all users of that social network.

    1.3 Smartphone or laptop/computer?

    Through this chart you can find out how much time is spent on different social networks in the United States by people over 18 using either a mobile phone or a computer. These statistics date from December 2013.

    People spent more than two thirds using Facebook on their phone. Twitter is mostly used mobile. Only 2% of the time spent on Instagram resulted from using it on a computer. Almost three quarters of the time spent on LinkedIn came from surfing on it on a computer. Pinterest and Vine are used very little on a desktop. The time on Tumblr is almost equal spent mobile as well as on a computer.

    Snapchat is the only social network which is 100% used mobile because it cannot be used on a desktop.

    2. History and development

      1. Before 2000

        • CompuServe was founded in 1969 in Columbus, Ohio, in the United States. It was the first commercial online service. It played an important role in the development of online communications. CIS (CompuServe Information Service) made it possible to read newspapers online during the 80’s.

        • The first electronic mail (short e-mail) was sent in 1971 by Ray Tomlinson, a computer engineer. He sent an e-mail with the message which was something like “qwertyuiop” from a computer to another. The two computers stayed near eac.....[read full text]

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  • Originally designed for college students, Facebook was launched in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg while he was studying at Harvard University. It has grown tremendously worldwide since then. It is a social networking website that eases connections and sharing with family and friends online. This social network gives its users the chance to send messages and post status updates in order to keep close to their friends in the online environment.

    They can also share photos, videos, links, music and more. By 2006, Facebook was available for everyone over the age of 13 with a valid email address. Currently, it’s the world’s largest social network with more than 1 billion users all over the world.

  • YouTube is more of a video-sharing website than a social networking one, but even on YouTube people can connect and make online friends. It was created in 2005 by three previous employees of PayPal and now it is one of the most popular sites on the Internet. The site allows its users to create their own profile and to upload videos to share with others and everyone is allowed to watch the videos.

    There is a wide variety of different videos, from learning videos to entertainment, music, tutorials, marketing ones and more.

  • Twitter was launched in 2006 being developed by Jack Dorsey, back then still a student at New York University. Twitter is a free online social networking service which allows users to share and read short posts of maximum 140 characters called “tweets”. Users can follow each other depending on one’s interests, they can reply to other tweets or mark them as favourites.

    The service gained popularity between every kind of person, by now having more than 500 million users including celebrities, politicians and other public figures.

  • Tumblr was founded in 2007 by David Karp and now it’s owned by Yahoo. It is part microblogging platform, part a social networking website where users can easily share texts, photos, quotes, links, music and videos. They can create an account and through that they can create blogs where to post these things. Tumblr allows its users to customize their blogs however they want to. The site boasts approximately 108 million blogs.

  • The online pinboard Pinterest was created in 2010 by Paul Sicarra, Evan Sharp and Ben Silbermann. It offers registered users to create their own online pinboard where they can pin everything. Pinerest consists of only images with an optional description, so the site focuses on visuals. Users can upload, save, sort and manage images named “pins” through collections named “pinboards”.

    Members can also interact with each other, meeting other “pinners” with same interests online. They can follow others and their pins will appear on the “pin feed” which results in a unique and personalized catalog of images one is interested about.

    All of these social networking websites changed their designs over the years with the thinkable intention to keep their users active and interested about new possible updates that might make the site more attractive or add new features to it. For example, Facebook began with just exposing profiles of students who registered from different universities and years later new things like the share button, news feed, cover photo and timeline were introduced.




    3. Comparison of .....

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    Your profile can be followed by other users, as well as you can also follow them. Many users take advantage of this and follow famous celebrities, friends and acquaintances because most of them use the app too and share personal pictures. You can set up your profile to be public or private, it depends on your preferences. Your photos can be liked and of course you can like others’ photos too.

    A difference between Instagram and Facebook is that on Instagram you are able to post your photos only from a mobile phone. From a desktop source posts can only be seen, liked or commented. Facebook allows users to post either mobile or from a desktop.


    3.3 Twitter:

    Twitter is a bit different than the others two. It has another system of posting and sharing things with online people: beginning with a partial customization of your profile by choosing your desired colors and a background picture (which option isn’t provided by neither Facebook or Instagram) to posting only short messages like status updates in a SMS-like form while moving or being at home, visiting places, being on vacation, etc.

    These short messages can have a maximum of 140 characters and are posted chronologically from newest to oldest downwards on your profile wall. They are called “tweets” and posting them is called “tweeting”. When creating an account, your profile will automatically be public, but you can switch to a private one any time. You can follow other users to stay updated and to know what they are doing or what is on their mind at the moment.

    Especially stars and famous people use Twitter to keep their fans up-to-date with their next album or in general with their personal life. Users can also attach pictures to their posts to make them more visual and the meaning clearer. Certain groups of people use hashtags (#) in their tweets to find one another, for example fans of Justin Bieber use #Belieber to tag themselves; or there is the hashtag #RandomActsOfKindnessDay which already speaks for itself.

    Current trends stay in a column on the left side of the homepage when you access .....

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    The Red Cross requested the witnesses to announce the affected family members that they were safe via social networks.



    Keeping in touch with family and friends:

    The majority, if not all social networks are free and can be accessed by anyone creating an account and then logging in. And because it is so easy to be a member of an online community, where probably your friends and relatives have also registered, why shouldn’t you take advantage of this luck and use it too to keep in contact with them? That’s why 70% of adults use social networking sites and visit them frequently to connect with friends and family.

    It doesn’t matter if you are searching for a former colleague in highschool or a distant relative who you would like to talk to, you might find them if you know their name or nickname. This can help to increase online communication which leads to strengthening of a relationship. Facebook for example even enables chatting and calls or video calls in real-time. 52% of teens using social networks report that their relationships with friends got better, 88% report that social networks helped them keep in touch with friends they do not often see or live far away from them, 69% report recognizing and knowing students at their school better and 57% report making new friends.

    Social networks allow you to make fast connections and let .....

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    Bieber had success and continues his way with an admirable career for a young artist. Also, the National Endowment for the Arts found that people who get in contact with arts through online social networks are approximately three times more likely to attend a live event like a painting exhibition or a concert.



    5. Dangers and risks

    Misinformation spread:

    Even though social networking sites are good for quickly spreading information, news or help announcements, it can also be a bad thing. Social networks favor the large spread of unreliable and false information. Not every shared article or post on Facebook or Twitter is true. These articles usually don’t have a trustworthy source and are scattered through social networks by people who invented them to push panic, fear and skepticism among population about certain subjects like the Ebola disease or different terrorist attacks.

    People heard on 5th September 2012 false rumors of fires, shoot-outs and caravans with gunmen in Mexico City which spread via Twitter and Facebook. This resulted with thousands phone calls at the police department and temporarily closed schools.

    Less face to face communication

    It is true that social networks have broken the barriers of space and time allowing its users to connect with people they want at any hour or anywhere they are on the planet. But because of this, people might substitute quality communication with quantity. Social networks might make us less social, because people tend to spend more time online, eventually chatting, than in real life talking, discussing or telling stories to their real friends.

    These websites act like a replacement for real life meeting and make having a good conversation less possible and less often. That is why everyone using them has to be aware of the initial aim of social networks not to take over the human contact, but to improve it. But also this purpose might have negative consequences because communication through writing excludes body language and messages can be misunderst.....

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    That would result into a total of 162 minutes, equaling 2 hours and 42 minutes. In that period of time you can do your homework, cook, do sports etc.

    Concrete numbers and percentages came out of a study: 40% of 8 to 18 year olds spend 54 minutes on average a day on social media sites. Also, when they got a notification from a social networking site, like a new tweet or Facebook message, users took up 25 minutes on average to return back to their original task.

    A survey showed that the relative majority (36%) of the participants listed social networks as the “biggest waste of time”, above fantasy sports, watching TV and shopping.

    Social network users have to be aware of the benefits these can provide, but also of the dangers they can

    bring at the same time. Every individual has to make the decision, if he wants or not to use social networks. He should take responsibility for his own safety, be careful with what he posts and also treat others as if he was in a face-to-face situation.

    6. Interesting facts

    • Food is the most popular category on Pinterest.

    • Almost a quarter of all Facebook users access their account at least 5 times a day to check for new posts.

    • On average, Twitter users post a total of 58 million tweets a day.

    • There are over 3 million company pages on LinkedIn and this social network gains 2 new members every second.

    • There are 3600 new photos shared on Instagram every minute, resulting in a total of over 5 million uploaded pictures every day.

      7. Sources

      I used the following sources:

      9

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