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Social Problems - more than 100 questions and answers

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Sociology

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Kirkwood Community College, Iowa City

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Social Problems

100 examination questions and answers

 

Chapter 1

1.The statement that "reality is often less a matter of what people do than of how people define the behavior" reflects which approach?

A) social conflict approach

B) structural functional approach

C) symbolic interaction approach

D) social exchange approach


2.Using which of the following methods does a researcher observe people while joining in their everyday activities?

A) survey

B) experiment

C) participant observation

D) secondary analysis


3.Which theoretical approach sees society as a system of many interrelated parts?

A) structural functional approach

B) social institutional approach

C) social conflict approach

D) symbolic interaction approach


4.Which of the following theories states that the reality of any particular situation depends on how people define it?

A) label.....[read full text]

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A) symbolic interaction approach

B) social conflict approach

C) structural-functional approach

D) social disorganization approach


1.Which of the following would have the support of social conservatives?

A) the "pro-choice" side of the abortion controversy

B) the death penalty

C) various "alternative lifestyles"

D) encouraging immigration across our borders


2.An organized effort to encourage or discourage social change is called a

A) social movement.

B) sociological imagination.

C) social-constructionist approach.

D) subculture.


3.Sociologists use which of the following concepts to refer to a statement of how and why specific facts are related?

A) model

B) correlation

C) theory

D) societal subsystem


4.Which of the following theories states that the reality of any particular situation depends on how people define it?

A) labeling theory

B) learning theory

C) class conflict theory

D) feminist theory


5.Which stage of a social movement occurs as the new organization begins rallies, demonstrations, and political lobbying?

A) coalescence

B) formalization

C) decline

D) emergence


6.Which of the following concepts refers to the consequences of social patterns that are unintended and less well known?

A) manifest functions

.....

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B) tax escalation

C) regressive taxation

D) progressive taxation


3.Which of the following concepts refers to salary or wages from a job, plus earnings from investments or any other source?

A) money

B) income

C) interest

D) wealth


4.Anthropologist Oscar Lewis referred to cultural patterns that make poverty a way of life as

A) the bell curve thesis.

B) a meritocracy.

C) the culture of poverty.

D) the result of social disorganization.


5.Regarding income distribution in the United States, the overall pattern reveals

A) that income inequality is currently less than at any time during the last fifty years.

B) small losses for both the rich and poor.

C) that income inequality is currently greater than at any time during the last fifty years.

D) small gains for both the rich and poor.


6.Social stratification is defined as

A) the way people in a society determine their social standing.

B) the fact that some people tend to outperform others.

C) a society's system of ranking categories of people in a hierarchy.

D) the income levels of all the members of a society.


7.Finding the cause of a social problem in the behavior of people who suffer from the problem is referred to as

A) the Davis-Moore thesis.

.....

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A) the capitalist economy.

B) our tax system.

C) a high rate of immigration.

D) the poor themselves.


5.The educational policy of placing some children in college-bound ("academic") paths and others in job-oriented ("vocational") paths is called

A) mainstreaming.

B) mainlining.

C) tracking.

D) relining.


6.Regarding income distribution in the United States, the overall pattern reveals

A) small gains for both the rich and poor.

B) small losses for both the rich and poor.

C) that income inequality is currently greater than at any time during the last fifty years.

D) that income inequality is currently less than at any time during the last fifty years.


7.The Williams family lives in an inner-city community that is poor, cut off from the larger society, and without good schools or good-paying jobs. This family is experiencing

A) homelessness.

B) redlining.

C) hypersegregation.

D) prejudice.


8.In the United States, a progressive tax rate means that

A) income taxes are no longer paid at all.

B) rich people pay at a lower rate than lower-income people.

C) rich people pay at a higher rate than lower-income people.

D) rich people pay the same tax rate as lower-income people.


9.In 1945, sociologists Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore maintained that inequality is useful for the operation of society. This thesis reflects which type of analysis?

A) social .....

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A) pluralism

B) institutional prejudice

C) hypersegregation

D) assimilation


6.Joan Albon stated that the lower social standing of many American Indians was due to

A) institutional discrimination by this country's courts.

B) prejudice and discrimination.

C) race operating as a master status in everyday life.

D) non-competitive cultural values that discourage individual achievement.


7.Which of these categories of the U.S. population would NOT be considered a minority?

A) African Americans

B) women

C) people living below the poverty line

D) Hispanic Americans


8.Following the abolition of slavery, so-called Jim Crow laws were enacted which

A) established quotas for jobs and college admissions.

B) segregated trains, restaurants, hotels, and other public places.

C) forced the relocation of thousands of people to government reservations.

D) guaranteed equal social standing for former slaves.


9.The assertion that people of one race are less worthy than others or even biologically inferior to others is what we correctly call

A) racism.

B) segregation.

C) stereotyping.

D) discrimination.


10.Thomas Sowell claims that much of the racial differences in intelligence test scores reflects

A) cultural patterns.

B) .....

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C) who live with income below the poverty line.

D) that are physically or culturally distinctive and disadvantaged.


6.The most serious kind of prejudice is

A) racism.

B) discrimination.

C) stereotyping.

D) avoidance.


7.Which of the following concepts refers to the physical and social separation of categories of people?

A) segregation

B) pluralism

C) assimilation

D) the melting pot


8.In inner-city areas, where African American people have little contact of any kind with people in the larger society, Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton describe which of the following?

A) assimilation

B) institutional prejudice

C) pluralism

D) hypersegregation


9.According to the symbolic interaction approach, race

A) is a biologically-rooted cause of social inequality.

B) is no longer relevant to today's everyday social experiences.

C) has ceased to be a part of people social identity.

D) has powerful meaning and often acts as a master status.

10.The assertion that people of one race are less worthy than others or even biologically inferior to others is what we correctly call

A) segregation.

B) racism.

C) stereotyping.

D) discrimination.

Chapter 4


1.Referring to a woman's behavior as "feminine" illustrates which concept at work?

A) sexual orientation

B) matriarchy

.....

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