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List of Essays: Psychology

Essay988 Words / ~ pages Shenyang Stanford Baye’s theory helps me to decide What is reflected in the journal is called the Bayesian decision theory which is devised to explain how people stand for beliefs or decide their reactions in facing of uncertainty (Bernado & Smith, 1994). Recently, this theory whose fundamental idea is to make inferences and take actions next provides an integrative means to explain how the brain manages with uncertainty (Wolpert, 2011). To be more specific, Wolpert (2011) illustrates that there are two sources of information can be taken into to make an inference. One is the data, the sensory input in neuroscience, the other one is the effectively prior knowledge that is accumulated throughout people’s life in memories. While the Bayesian decision theory reveals a mathematical way that combines the prior knowledge with sensory evidence to…[show more]
Essay850 Words / ~2 pages University of Kent, Canterbury Discuss why violent crime is a predominantly ‛mascul­ine&#­8217­; activity There is no other factor that is as significantly correlated to crime as gender. As the latest crime statistics reveal, between 82 and 94 per cent of all violent crime is committed by men (ONS, 2006). This is not a new trend that only applies to one country. Instead males have been overrepresent­ed in all major categories of crime since the beginning of statistical data collection of crime. A fact supported not only by the official statistics, but also by self-reports, and victimisation data. So the questions arise, why it is men in particular that commit the most crimes, why most women do not commit crime, how big the gender-gap is and whether it is changing. To answer these questions, we first have to define what is meant by the terms gender and what…[show more]
Essay1.789 Words / ~7 pages Tbilisi State University- TSU ემოციური განვითრება ნინო ბუწაშვილი ჯგუფი 3 ახალი წელთაღრიცხვით 64 წელს ძველი მსოფლიოს ისტორიაში ერთი მეტად სერიოზული ფაქტი დაფიქსირდა, რომის ხანძარი, რომელმაც მთლიანად გადაბუგა ქალაქი. ამ ხანძარის გაჩენა მაშინ ქრისტიანებს მიაწერეს, თუმცაღა ხალხში მალევე დაირხა ხმები, რომ სინამდვილეში ცეცხლი რომის იმპერეტორის ნერონის ბრძანებით გაჩნდა, მიზეზი კი ერთობ უცნაური იყო, იმპერატორს სურდა მთელი სიცხადით შეეგრძო ის ემოცია რასაც ცეცხლში გახვეული ქალაქი იწვევს, რათა შემდეგ ლექსები შეეთხზა. ჩვენ არ გვაქვს ზუსტი მონაცემები, მაგრამ შეგვიძლია ვივარაუდოთ, რომ ეს ემოციისთვის მიცემული ხარკი ყველაზე ძვირადღირებულ­ი იყო. შემდეგში, მართალია ასეთი ფაქტები აღარ განმეორებულა, მაგრამ ემოციის შესწავლისადმი ინტერესი მაინც არ განებულა და ის კიდევ რჩება მკვლევართა და ზოგადად ადამიანების ინტერესის საგნად. შესაბამისად ასევე ინარჩუნებს…[show more]
Essay1.109 Words / ~6 pages brookdale lincroft Everyday Consciousness Thourought our daily lives we go through certain cycles of consciousness that we may not be aware of, or even know about. Consciousness­, as defined by the Merriam-Webst­er Dictionary, is the quality or state of being aware especially of something within oneself (Consciousnes­s). Consciousness is also controlled throughout the day by our own level of Attention. According to the texbook used in class, Attention is the capacity to selectivley focus awareness on particular stimuli in your external enviorment or on your internal thoughts or sensations (Hockenbury 135). Consciousness and attention go hand and hand when is comes to different cycles of Concsiousness­. Conciousness changes in cycles that correspond to our biological rhythms and to the patterns of stimulation in our environment (Cycles…[show more]
Essay743 Words / ~ pages Mensa gymnázium o.p.s. 18.1.15 oktáva Odmítání dospělosti Nad tímto tématem poslední dobou často přemýšlím, a také se s tímto problémem ve svém okolí čím dál častěji setkávám. A i když se mi tento problém jeví zatím spíše jako nepochopiteln­ý, rozhodla jsem se mu věnovat tuto esej. Snad jeho porozumění budu po napsání blíže. Proč dnes mladí odmítají dospět? Já osobně to opravdu nechápu. Nechápu, co je na tom najít si práci, přestěhovat se, být sám a živit se sám. Pro mě je tato představa tak trochu i mým nynějším přáním. Snad žádná představa pro mě není momentálně krásnější, než ten pocit soběstačnosti­, pocit svobody a volnosti. Tím samozřejmě nechci říct, že bych svobodná nebyla, ale přeci jenom jsem zatím hodně finančně závislá na rodičích, a připadá mi, jako by mi to trochu svazovalo ruce. Vím, že to asi nebude žádný med. Chodit každý den do školy, do práce…[show more]
Essay1.037 Words / ~ pages HKS Weinheim The effect of classical conditioning dealt to society Classical conditioning is an important learning process that help human accommodate themselves into environment. It has several features but it is not the only one way to modeling behavior. The conditioned response is controlled by the autonomic nerve system. We cannot controlled them easily. This kind of learning is completely dependent on external conditions. When the natural stimulus paired probably with the unconditioned stimulus, it became conditioned. The learner is passive during this process. His response is triggered by stimulus, not a voluntary behavior. It is unlike most of the learning in our daily life. Classical conditioning helps protect human from danger or prepare them for essential biological events, such as sexual activity. Classical conditioning…[show more]
Essay739 Words / ~2 pages Hong Kong Polytechnic University - PolyU HK Classical Conditioning in Daily Life Classical conditioning discovered by Ivan Pavlov is one of the theories that is related to learning in psychology. According to Kendra(2016), classical conditioning is presented over the linkage between conditioned stimulus and unconditioned stimulus. Apart from stimuluses, classical conditioning also involves conditioned response and unconditioned response which are different responses evoked by the above mentioned stimuluses. One of the remarkable examples explaining classical conditioning is the dog salivation which is known as Pavlov’s Dogs. The dog knows that when the bell rings(conditi­oned stimulus), food(uncondit­ioned stimulus) will be given and salivation is elicited. When the dog gets used to it, even there is no food given after the bell rings, salivation still…[show more]






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