Interpretation The Modern Commonwealth The author uses many stylistic devices to point out his idea oh the Modern Commonwealth and the challenges it nowadays has to face. At first you can find a structured speech. In the first paragraph, McKinnon explains what the Commonwealth is, which nations it
Introduction to Literary Studies 1 MID-TERM EXAM NAME: A. S. PROSEMINAR: Introduction to Literary Studies 1 (WS 2012/2013) PROFESSOR: UNIVERSITY: Karl Franzens University, Graz Graz, 17. November 2012. A Foregrounding in literary works means doing something with the text in that way that it differs
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“Stylistics” an Introduction
1. Stylistics as a linguistic discipline
The name of Stylistics is given to many linguistic and literary studies and is loosely applied to various fields of theoretical studies and practicalities. Stylistics – no universally accepted and stable referent.
Two major approaches:
In Britain, USA and some other countries – stylistics is the study of styles in literary (fictional, belles-letters) texts - художественныетексты. (M. Short, M.Toolan, H. Widdowson etc.)
M.Short, “Stylistics is an approach to the analysis of literary texts using linguistic description”.
In Russian tradition: the other approach – the study of styles of any language use from poetry to documents: st-cs is concerned with all types of texts (not only literary).
I. Galperin – “the investigation of the inventory of special language media, which by their ontological features secure the desirable effect of the utterance and certain types of texts”.
Over the last few years this approach has been gaining round even among Western linguists who analysed literary and non-literary texts from a stylistic PoV.
D.Crystal – “stylistics is the study of systematic variations in language use (style)”.
It’d be better to differentiate b-n ling. styl. (Гальперин: linguo-styl. analysis) & lit. styl. (Western ling. – литературоведение: analyses characters, exposition…)
(What is common: both focus on the research of expressive means and stylistic devices (EM & SD), which previously were studied in Rhetoric.) Stylistics is a subdomain of linguistics which concerns stylistic resources of the language and functional styles.
Styl. is a discipline of ling. and it intersects other areas of linguistic.....[read full text]
-situationally distinctive use of language. Ankvist: style is a situational variation of the language (It is like LOVE. we all know what it is, but cannot define it.). The choice depends on the social situation (socially determined language variation)
-language variety conscious or unconscious selection of language means
Styles in literature i.e. romantic style, classical style.