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IFL - Royal University of Phnom Penh

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Year 3

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A Study on Students’ Styles - In Learning English at SMP Negeri 9 Malang This study investigated the learning style preferences of the second grade students of SMP Negeri 9 Malang that have good achievement and average achievement. The students’ learning style preferences to be measured were visual, auditory, kinesthetic, tactile, group and individual. The design of this study was principally descriptive quantitative. This study only used two variables: students’ learning styles and English achievement. The instrument used in this study was was Perceptual Learning Styles Questionnaire designed by Joy M Reid, consisting of 30 items that the students had to rate on a five-point scale from 4 to 0. To accommodate the students’ response and to avoid the students’ misinterpretati­on, the writer used Sari’s translation version of the questionnaires with some modifications to suit to the students’ level. The results of data analysis showed that the second grade students of SMP Negeri 9 Malang either the second grade students having good achievement or the second grade students having average achievement preferred to have group and kinesthetic as their major learning styles. It indicated that there was no difference in preferred learning styles between those two groups involved.    Keywords: learning styles, learning English Language learning is a complicated process involving a seemingly
Will expectations from the others affect someone’s performance? Do you agree that once the others expected something more on you, your performance would likely be better? According to the Pygmalion effect(Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson ,1968), there is a positive correlation between expectation and performance. Rosenthal and others have found that higher expectations lead teachers to act differently in regard to the learner. The Pygmalion effect is a form of self-fulfilling prophecy which concluded when someone is believed that has the ability to be a great performer by the respective authorities, their belief becomes reality as their potential abilities have been aroused. To some of its extent, I agree with this theory as it always applies in my daily life. In my secondary school, I chose business and financial studies as my elective. Mr Chow, that taught me business and financial studies, has known me since when i was a junior form student. Therefore, Mr Chow thought I could be proficient in this subject so he expected a lot from me. At the beginning, I did not think that I can handle this subject. Mr Chow encouraged me to aim higher. He gave me a lot of supports and cares.In order not to let him down, I studied so hard, for example, I finished all the past papers and prepared notes before the lessons. Gratefully, I got a good results. However, things got worse when Mr Chow was disappointed with my performance.

Research Methodology

Class E3.1

the effect of ict usage on study performance Among Univerity students
A Case Study on English Department of IFL

Research Report


Name:

Pon


  1. Background of study

    1. Overview of technology

In modern world, technology is involved in our everyday lives.

It is a commonplace that we live in an advanced technological world (Restivo, S. P 2005). We involve technology in almost everything we do in our dai lives. Technology is dynamic; it keeps on improving because our needs and demands for technology keep on changing (Ramey, K. 2018, February 22).We use technology to accomplish various tasks such as using technology at work, technology for communication, transportation, learning, manufacturing, securing data, scaling businesses and so much more (Ramey, K. 2018, February 22), so technology comes in different forms such as communication Technology, Construction Technology, Assistive Technology, Medical Technology, Information Technology, Entertainment Technology, Business Technology, and Educational Technology (Ramey, K. 2018, February 22).

    1. Definition of Technology

Technology is defined as consisting of both hardware and software (knowledge required to produce and use technological hardware) (Arnulf, 2013, Oct 16).In Merriam Webster dictionary defines technology as the use of science in industry, engineering, etc., to invent useful things or to solve problems

    1. Technology in Cambodia

Even though Science and engineering education in Cambodia, especial at higher education level is still in the initial stage ("Cambodia's 2017 Social Media & Digital Statistics", 2017), Cambodia is trying to improve the technology since 2017 to embrace the digital age ("Cambodia's 2017 Social Media & Digital Statistics", 2017).

Technology in Cambodia seems like to be gotten more and more interests, especial by youths. According to "The Technology Helping Cambodia's Disconnected and Hardest to Reach" in 2017 by ICTworks, Cambodia has over 19 million mobile phone subscribers and about 3.8 million is the internet users. Even politicians are also using new technology such as Facebook.

A 2014 report published by the United Nation Development Program (UNDP) says that “Mobile phone access is near universal for young people… Almost all youth (96%) in Cambodia have access to mobile phone.” (ICTworks, "The Technology Helping Cambodia's Disconnected and Hardest to Reach", 2017).

The government also has a plan to diversify Cambodia’s export base from garments into agricultural processing, light manufacturing, electronics and other areas require an appropriate skilled and educated workforce ("Science and technology").

    1. .....[read full text]

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With the rapid growth of Internet, the Cambodian use technology in varieties of purposes. Cambodian people’s using modern technologies, most Facebook, seeks various information, share their thoughts and experiences, and improve their communication as well as the knowledge amongst the students, their professors, and the society (Phleng, "Facebook Influence in Cambodian Youth Practices Advantages and Disadvantages and given Recommendation for Improvement.").

    1. Overview of education in Cambodia

Education in Cambodia before the Khmer Rouge Regime mirrored the French system.

Today, it is six years of primary school (grades 1-6), three years of lower secondary school (grades 7-9), and three years of upper secondary school (grades 10-12), following more of a westernized educational model (Soma, 2012)Since the 1990 Jomtien World Conference on Education for All (WCEFA), Cambodian leaders, especial in the late 1990s have made numerous efforts to provide accessibility for nine years of its current defined basic education, to all their citizens (Sideth, 2004). Children’s access to primary school has improved, with the net enrollment rate improving from 94.8 percent to 97 percent with no gender disparity, repetition rates have fallen and student drop out has declined (Tha, n.d.). Bilingual education is being expanded as are accelerated learning classes and the multi-grade teaching approach. 15,000 scholarships have been provided to poor children.

The development of six hundred schools has been supported using school improvement grants (a program that will be expanded nationwide in school year 2013/2014) and thousands of teachers have been trained in effective teaching and learning (Tha, n.d.).

    1. Overview of technology in education

Technology is everywhere in education.

Many developed countries spend tons of money to involve technology in education. For example, public schools in the United States now provide at least one computer for every five students. They spend more than $3 billion per year on digital content (Herold, 2018, February 28).

A significant body of research has also made clear that most teachers have been slow to transform the ways they teach, despite the influx of new technology into their classrooms. There remains ited evidence to show that technology and online learning are improving learning outcomes for most students (Herold, 2018, February 28). With 2018 just around the corner, technology is already sweeping through classrooms as educators and developers create more and more products designed .....

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  1. Problem statement

    1. Issue in Technology

Although technology helps us a lot in almost every field, it also gives us some negative impacts. With the use of same internet children are getting addicted to online games and their physical activities and exercises are becoming considerab less (Positive and Negative Effects Of Technology On Our Lives – Impacts, 2013). It is not secret that the newest and most up to date technology is very expensive.

In order for a school to use technology like this they have to pay for it, which is difficult for most public schools to do because of the sheer cost. This is also difficult for parents because the students become accustomed to some technology that they do not have at home (12 Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Education, 2015). Moreover, too much reliance on electronic methods of communication not on can increase unnecessary traffic, but also can decrease vital personal interaction (Mary Nestor-Harper). The wealth of great information on the internet is easi overshadowed by the amounts of bad things present as well.

Violence, pornographic materials, and hateful things can all be accessed by students, and if this is done on school time, premises, or technology big problems can arise (12 Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Education, 2015). Technology also brings with it all sorts of environmental problems.

As well as machines and devices often being made from toxic, or non-biodegradable materials, most technologies need a power source, which can often mean an increase in the consumption of electricity and fossil fuels (Paul Goodman, 2016).Anyone can post anything on the internet, but this doesn’t mean that it is true or correct.

This is a problem when it comes to education because if students are seeking answers to a question, they could easi come across the incorrect answer and not realize it (12 Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Education, 2015). Technology is real important and useful for Cambodia to improve economy but there are still some .....

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Dropout rates remain high: just 20 out of 100 students registered in Cambodian primary schools are able to finish 9th grade (Kimseng, & Khmer, 2015, March 26).

The education system in Cambodia continues to be overwhelmed by many difficulties, including an acute shortage of qualified teaching staff, poor morale due to low salary levels and lack of suitable teaching materials. Attendance at school remains ited in rural areas since children are often expected to stay at home and help their families in the fields (The Current Issues of Education in Cambodia, n.d.).

  1. Aim and Objective

The aim of this study is to find out the effect on technology on study performance with a case study on English department of Institute of Foreign Languages

    1. Objectives

  • To study what ICTs are used in IFL students’ study

  • To anases the effect of technology on study performance

  • To find out strategies to overcome the bad effect of technology in study performance

  1. Research Question

To achieve the aims and objectives of the study, a few questions is needed to answer which are

  1. What ICTs are used in students’ study?

  • What are the good effect of technology on study performance?

  • What are the bad effect of technology on study performance?

  • What are the appropriate strategies that can overcome bad effects of technology?

    1. Literature Review

      1. Definition of Information Communication Technology (ICTs)

    The literature of Information and communication technology has been discussed a lot.

    The term of ICT has been used and known since 90s of the twentieth century which was the period of the invention of internet, website, and email (Januszewska et al., 2015). Information and communication technology (ICT) is a broader term in technology. It combines all forms of IT, telecommunications, broadcast media, all types of audio and video processing and transmission and network-based control and monitoring functions.

    It can sometime be used in replacement of information technology (IT), but the term is most used in USA (Januszewska et al., 2015). It has been defined by its role in bringing together communications and the integration of telecommunication, computer, middle ware as well as necessary software, storage, audio-visual systems, and other forms of information technology that allow users to create, access, store, transmit, and manipulate in.....

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    In order to solve these problems, an article Seven easy tips to protect your PC from hackers and malware suggests computer users to install, update and use anti-virus software, keep Windows up to date, turn on the windows firewall, use the latest version of your web browser, don’t fall for phishing emails, use the windows malicious software removal tool, and use a boot CD (Prokaza, 2017).

      1. The effect of technology on study performance and its solutions


    In this part, it is divided into three main parts which are the good effects of technology in classroom, the bad effects of technology in classroom and its solutions, and bonus strategies.

    i.

    Good effect of technology in classroom

    Based on McCoy (2018), there are five positive effects of technology on Education such as research, globalization, educational games, distance education and web seminars.

    Example, up-to-date library allows student to find it easy to compile the fundamental research for their research paper. Technology brings people closer. Teachers and students can see and hear and learning even they live in different country by video conferencing (McCoy, 2018). Furthermore, based on an article in TeachHUB, Benefits of technology in the classroom which was cited from a study by IT Trade Association Comp TIA, technology makes learning more fun, prepares students for the future, improves retention rate, helps students learn at their own pace and connects with students. (Cox, 2018) According to the same research, students like to use technology because they believe that using laptops and tablets makes them more fun and interesting.

    Moreover, the subjects that used to be boring can will become more interesting with virtual lesson, through a video, or when using a tablet. Learning with their own pace, students can learn depending on their abilities and needs because almost all apps allow for personalized instruction. For this reason, it save time for teacher to help students who might be struggling .....

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    Besides, it’s my responsibility as an educator to ensure that my lecture is compelling. If my students aren’t paying attention, if they’re distracted, that’s on me (Himmelsbach, 2018).”

    Based on another article, Why Self-Discipline Is the Best Productivity Hack You Need (Nightingale, 2016).

    It can be said that self-discipline is the best to leverage students’ productivity. In order to build self-discipline, a well-known YouTube channel, Practical Phycology having about 1.3 million subscribers shares their 5 techniques. Those methods are Change Your Environment, remove bad habits first then replace with good habits, Schedule Break, Journal & Schedule Your Days and Enjoy the Process (Psychology, 2017).

    Another method to manage ICT distraction is suggested by a research is to “Changes in teaching style will become one of the ways to manage ICT distractions in the classroom. The ICT devices are in the hands of students and will remain there. How we manage the personal use of ICT devices in the classroom should

    be the focus of future discussion amongst the stakeholders… (Goundar, 2014)” within a school.

    Another problem is lack of social interaction.Students and children have very little contact with teachers and university professors (Assignment Expert, n.d.).

    Similar, a website Tophat also wrote that technology can disconnect students from social interactions (Himmelsbach, 2018).​ We have not found specific solutions for this problem. Anyways, based on Mr. Soam Sambath, the founder of Cam-paint in Cambodia, raised three self-discipline to practice if one wants to have a brilliant future: discipline for yourself, discipline for time and discipline for work (Hong, 2018).

    He gave advice to people to have principle or discipline to interact with the others that relates to body, speech and mind. For example, as we are Khmer and Buddhist is to respect old people when the young sees the old, or by asking yourself what to do when you meets a person with the similar age (Hong, 2018).

    Moreover, many eye experts showed that watching phone screen or laptop screen for long period h.....

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