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Gymnasium Brandenburg

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1, Herr Hardrath, 2018

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The German Revolution 1848

Can a revolution still be effective without reaching its most important aim?        


The German revolution is an important part of the German culture and affects us till today. But how effective can a revolution be when it couldn’t reach its most important aim of creating the national state of Germany? To analyze this question the revolution has to be considered in its course and the circumstances that caused this revolution.

1815 the congress of Vienna was set up after the defeat of Napoleon to define the borders in Europe after the political map has been changed. The congress decided to split the German Empire into 38 different states which were called the “German bun” together.

But the population of Germany was disagreeing with this decision. They wanted the German bun to become one national state to be unified as one. Mostly young people like students called out to this wish and formed student leagues. These student leagues met at different assemblies like the “Wartburgfest” 1817 and the “Hambacher Fest” 1832.  At the “Hambacher Fest” not only students appeared.

All kinds of people living in Germany wanted to fight for a better living and were almost celebrating the unity of Germany even if it wasn’t reached yet. The colors of this movement were black, red and gold which are known as the colors of today’s German flag. 1819 the antinational socialist August von Kotzebue was murdered which caused the government to make new restrictions for the rioting public.

These new restrictions were called the “Karlsbader Beschlüsse” and said that student leagues were forbidden, the press was censored and people who were rioting against the old order were arrested or even murdered. But the dissatisfaction kept on. The industrial revolution changed the social circumstances.

People lost their jobs and were often poor. Crop failures in 1846 and 1848 made situation even worse. So workers made more claims for justice. Citizens stoop up for the establishment of a national state so they could participate in political and economic decisions. In the politics different parties were formed.

The liberal and national citizens had increased wishes against the division into small states so they wanted unified national state. The democrats wanted a popular sovereignty, same suffrage and a parliamentary system in all parts of the German bun. Socialists wanted fair property ownersh.....[read full text]

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Their first successes were that the new march ministers controlled the political happening in the German bun. On 19th March 1848 the pressure of protesters caused that Friedrich Wilhelm IV had to honor the KIAs of the March protests and 2 days later he had to ride through Berlin in the colors of the protesters (black-red-gold) and declare the freedom and unity of Germany.

At the beginning of the March revolution both groups (liberals and democrats) wanted to overthrow the nobility but as the nobility was overthrown (prince Metternich), they noticed their differences in their ideologies how to rule Germany. The liberals wanted a constitutional monarchy and the democrats democracy.

They couldn’t some to one idea of a right to vote. Liberals were mostly rich people that wanted the right to vote just for citizens that had enough income but democrats wanted the same right to vote for everyone. At the end of March and after lots of protests the founding of the preparliament in cooperation with the “Bundestag” of the German confederation happened and they prepared the elections for the National assembly in the St.

Pauls church in Frankfurt. But protest kept on the people still wanted a national state. At the 18th May finally the protesters reached their goals with the first national assembly of the first German democratic elected politicians (the March Ministers) in the St. Pauls church in Frankfurt.

The assembly kept on slowly and in the meantime a counter revolution started. The monarchs didn’t want to lose their power in their state so they took over it again. The assembly didn’t have enough authority to overcome this counter revolution and at the end of May 1848 the solution was to keep Germany in different states.

But they still wanted to change the situation with one leader. They wanted the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm to be their emperor. But he denied the crown so the circumstances were mostly like before the revolution.

The feelings of the population were mostly down because they couldn’t really change their situation but did they really change nothing? The revolutionists had their ideals and could unify the people to st.....

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The German revolution shows that change doesn’t have to happen immediately. It often develops over a long time and goals are reached time after time but in the end the spirit of change is kept alive over this time and the situation changes to better circumstances as before. àYes the revolution was effective but had to develop over a long time to be successful.



Sources

Username: Kevin: Gründe/ Ursachen der deutschen Revolution von 1848/ 1849; (Stand: 15.12.2017)

Kein Name gegeben: Märzrevolution 1848; (Stand: 15.12.2017)

Username: MrWissen2go: wissen2go: Die Revolution 1848/49 erklärt; .....


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