The German Revolution 1848 Can a revolution still be effective without reaching its most important aim? The German revolution is an important part of the German culture and affects us till today. But how effective can a revolution be when it couldn’t reach its most important aim of creating the national state of Germany? To analyze this question the revolution has to be considered in its course and the circumstances that caused this revolution. 1815 the congress of Vienna was set up after the defeat of Napoleon to define the borders in…
-THE VIRTUAL REVOLUTION-
The Web history from the very first days until the present told by Dr. Aleks Krotoski.
1/4 of the world => 2 billion are using the web currently, to work, get knowledge and find love.
The roots of the Web:
The roots of the web can be found in San Francisco in the early 20.century.
At first there were large computers, witch were used in the military for faster information transfer, and at universities to calculate, but these computers were too large for private use.
By the time they got smaller and so it was possible for normal persons to afford one.
This is the bottom of the skyskraper as we now call internet.
In 1960 many computers in the USA were hooked together by the telephone system.
In 1965 the first e-mail was sent.
At the 6.8.1991 the first .html web site got on the internet.
INVENTION OF THE WWW
This very first PCs were connected together, which was the first
internet. It was done by Sir Tim Bernard-Lee. When he started working at Cern in 1980 he wanted to make data transfer quicker. The problem was that there were many different computers with different types of software, so sharing data was like printing and typing it in again.
So to conected all these computers and he invented first a format which everyone could use: .html.
Than he just connected them with cables and they were able to share these .html documents.
Money and the web:
In 1994 ebay went online and started the busies of selling things over the internet. It was the end of the “free” internet.
The web has also become a promotional tool, so newsletters, allerts and detailed information about every user came up.
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The first social network was the WELL (started in 1985) in the USA. It had many different plattforms for chating, but it was just available in the US.
With this new type of conversation medium there came up many problems as
John Perry Barlow pointed out with his:
Napster was the first illegal music data base which was closed in 2001. It was a system that took all the music data of users and handet them out to the user who wanted it. Illegal sharing of data is always a important theme in the web because every time one site gets closed ten others get online like the pirate bay bittorrent etc.
Worldwide there are more than 18 mio blogs worldwide. The first “blog” was the digital newspaper named THE HUFFINGTON POST
With you tube there came up a platform that was revolutionary, because everybody had access to it and could public all his videos for free.
By now you tube causes 10% of the data transfer worldwide, there are uploaded more than 35hours of video per minute and more than 2 billion of them watched every day.
On wikipedia there are more than 14 million articles about nearly everything.
To get a little overview the graphic on the right side my help, because it shows the percentage of articles in each category.
To be able to trust wikipedia there are many moderators that can lock pages and a few thousand administrators that can delete them.
Everybody is able to change things and to undo things done by otherpersons and if it wasn't right to undo it another one could undo it again.
In Lee Siegles opinion wikipedia has fulfilled one of the founding dream: Free Knowledge Sharing