James Cook His family James Cook was born near Whitby. James family went through a lot when his sisters Mary, Mary, Jane and his brother William died at age 5. His oldest brother John died at age of 23. James parents were farmers and he went to school but after 5 years he worked for his father. At the age of 34, he married Elizatbeth Batts. They had 6 childern. They split up after 4 years because James travelled a lot. His character He was rather calm and was assertive when he looked for the food for the seamen. When he became a captain, he never considered…
The voyages of Captain Cook - Kurzreferat English
Before Captain Cook
In 1700s people in Europe didn`t know the other parts of the world .
There were very good maps of Europe but only bad maps of the other parts of the world.
Sea voyages were difficult and dangerous.
Some explorers went further than others and became very famous for that.
James Cook came from a little village of Marthon in the north-east of England.
His family weren’t rich and they lived in a small house.
When he was young he worked on a farm and in a shop.
He loved the sea and wanted to work on a ship as soon as he could.
He went to live in Whitby, which is in Yorkshire by the sea.
When he was 18 he started working on a ship carrying coal up the coast of the east of England.
It was very dangerous to navigate a ship near the coast.
He learnd quickly to live on the sea and in 1755 he became officer in the navy.
1750s England was in war with France.
Both countries wanted more power more colonies and control Canada.
1756 the 7 years war with France began.
Cook went with the navy to Canada and learned to make maps.
He studied maths and learned a lot about astronomy too.
He became an excellent navigator and soon he had an important position in .....[read full text]
The first pacific voyage
The 18th century was a time of exploration, discovery and expansation.
People wanted to know more about the world.
They wanted to find new plants, animals, food and they wanted to be the first who bring that back to the west.
They have found out how people live in the other parts in the world.
1768 King Georg the third made James cook a captain in the navy.