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TOK Essay - Knowledge and confidence

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Words are more deceitful and powerful than we think - TOK essay: Power of Language Name: 11 TOK Language Essay Word Count: 1154 Essay question: Words are more deceitful and powerful than we think Intro -Different ways to use language -Euphemism -Effect on language towards people -Verbal abuse can be as bad as any other abuse SP1 -Certain ways of saying things can make a difference: -How you talk to someone with higher authority and to your friends -Words can make a situation better or worse during arguments Evidence -Jay Z talked differently when Oprah interviewed him than when he got interviewed by casual TV host, like Jonathan Ross. -It’s like saying the glass is half empty and half full CC1 -Words might change how people see the situation but doesn’t actually change the situation Response It’s more about words affecting how people see the situation rather than how it changes the situation. SP2 -Some people accept politically correct language because it sounds more respectable Evidence -African Americans are very sensitive towards the word black; they prefer to be called African American -Nowadays instead of saying stupid, school uses the word developing or minimally exceptional CC2
Can We Know When to Trust Our Emotions? Ms. , Grade 11 Theory of Knowledge January 4, 2015 “There can be no knowledge without emotion. until we have felt the force of knowledge, it is not ours,” said Arnold Bennett, an English novelist in late 19th century. Emotions are one of the most defining natures of us human beings and are an important way of knowing. With the help of empathy, for example, I am able to understand the motives behind other people’s behaviors. Nonetheless, there are also occasions in which emotions fail to function as a valid way of knowing. Once I was madly in love with a girl. Under the intense love, one of the most basic emotions, I tended to over-interpret everything she said and firmly believed that she felt the same way as I did. But later it turned out that she had never liked me. When I eventually got over her, I re-visited our chat history and realized that all she said to me was just normal talk. This was when I found out how emotions could be disruptive, without my awareness, to the process of knowing; my reasoning became unreliable under my intense emotions. The distinct experiences I had made me raise the knowledge questions—how are emotions constructive and disruptive in the attainment of knowledge? And what are those circumstances respectively? History is the study of the past. During the Second World War, the same obedience could be derived from the emotions of nationalism and patriotism.

TOK 11

TOK Essay

We know with confidence only when we know little, with knowledge doubt increases.

Us humans rely on our ways of knowledge and ways of thinking to help us get through daily life and to do the simplest things.

We all have distinctive qualities which define us but what we all have in common is the capability to use our knowledge to the best of our abilities. Knowledge and confidence are two of our most important qualities which one can poses. These two qualities complement each other. The reason for that is because knowledge is the product. It is what is formed inside of our brains and expressed through our voice.

Confidence comes from our method of delivery. Once you know something, you’d want to deliver it, therefore resulting in confidence coming out through your voice.

I have had personal experiences regarding this topic. I am very certain that we all have. In my case, it had to do when I was presenting a presentation about the use of steroids in athletes a while ago.

An example of a famous athlete that used steroids was Asafa Powell who was a very talented sprinter which was the world’s fastest man at one point. Due to his misconduct and misbehavior, he used steroids, cheated, and won awards without anyone knowing, breaking many ethical boundaries. He was caught and stopped running. Because I did not do enough research and had limited knowledge on the overall topic, I was very biased and believed there was only one correct answer and that runners should of course not use steroids to enhance performance because it is unfair.

Because that was the extent that my knowledge went to, I did not consider whether physically disabled athletes could be allowed to use them or even if everyone used them, would it still be fair? The class asked me many questions but due to my lack of knowledge my confidence kicked in and I believed that my reasoning was correct and no other options or situations they gave me would work.

This turns out to be a perfect real- life example or situation as I have personal experience relation to the topic.

As for my thesis, which is a short answer to the title, I do believe that the title is accurate and that knowing little knowledge does make the knowledge that we already have, allow us to deliv.....[read full text]

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1 ∋†≈+ ∋∋ ;≈ ∋⊥+∞∞∋∞≈† ≠;†+ †+∞ ≈∞≤+≈⊇ +∋†† +† †+∞ ≈†∋†∞∋∞≈† †+∋† ≠+∞≈ ≠∞ ∂≈+≠ ∋ †+†, ≠∞ ⊇+∞+† ∋++∞, ∋≈⊇ ⊥∞∞≈†;+≈ ∋++∞.

7+∞ ≤†∋;∋ †+∋† ;≈ ⊥∞∞≈†;+≈ ;≈ ∋∋∂;≈⊥ ;≈ =∞++ ≤†∞∋+. 7+∞ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ⊥∞∞≈†;+≈ ;≈ ≈⊥†;† ;≈†+ †≠+. 7+∞ †;+≈† ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ≤†∋;∋ ;≈ †+∋† ≠+∞≈ ≠∞ ∂≈+≠ ≈+∋∞†+;≈⊥ +† †;∂∞ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ++ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇;≈⊥, ≠∞ ∞†∋+++∋†∞ +∞+ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ≠;†+ ≤+≈†;⊇∞≈≤∞.

4≈⊇ ≠+∞≈ ≠∞ ∂≈+≠ ≈+∋∞†+;≈⊥ ≠;†+ ∋ †+† +† ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ∋≈⊇ +∋=∞ †++∂∞⊇ ∋† †+∞ †+⊥;≤ ++ ≈∞+{∞≤† ≠;†+ ⊥+∞∋† ⊇∞⊥†+, †+∞≈ ≠∞ †∞≈⊇ †+ ⊇+∞+† +∞+≈∞†=∞≈ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ≠∞ ∂≈+≠ ≈+ ∋∞≤+ †+∋† †+∞+∞ ∋+∞ †++ ∋∋≈+ ⊥∞+≈⊥∞≤†;=∞≈ †+ †++∂ ∋† ∋≈⊇ ⊥∞∞≈†;+≈≈ †+ ∋≈≈≠∞+. 1† ∋†† ≤+∋∞≈ ⊇+≠≈ †+ †+∞ ⊥≈+≤++†+⊥;≤∋† ≈;⊇∞ +† †+;≈⊥≈. 3+∞≈ ++∞ ⊇+≈’† ∂≈+≠ ∋∞≤+, ≠∞ ≈⊥∞∋∂ ≠;†+ ≤+≈†;⊇∞≈≤∞ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ †+∞ +≈∞ +∞;≈⊥ ≈⊥+∂∞≈ †+, ∞≈∞∋††+ +∞†;∞=∞≈ †+∞ ≈⊥∞∋∂∞+ ∋≈ †+∞+ ≈+∞≈⊇ ≤+≈=;≈≤;≈⊥ ∋≈⊇ ⊇+∞≈≈’† ∋≈∂ ⊥∞∞≈†;+≈≈.

4≈ ∞≠≤∞††∞≈† ∞≠∋∋⊥†∞ +† †+∞ ≤†∋;∋ ≠+;≤+ ;≈ ⊥;=∞≈ ∋† †+∞ †+⊥ +† †+;≈ ∞≈≈∋+ ;≈ ≠+∋† 3∞+†+∋≈⊇ 5∞≈≈∞†† ≈∋+≈. “…†++†≈ ∋≈⊇ †∋≈∋†;≤≈ ∋+∞ ∋†≠∋+≈ ≈+ ≤∞+†∋;≈ +† †+∞∋≈∞†=∞≈, ∋≈⊇ ≠;≈∞+ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ≈+ †∞†† +† ⊇+∞+†≈.” 4∋≈+ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ≈∋+ †+∞≈∞ †+⊥∞≈ +† †+;≈⊥≈ ≠+;≤+ ;≈ †+∞ †+∞†+ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ †+∞;+ ≈∋+;≈⊥≈ ⊥∋;≈ ⊥++∋;≈∞≈≤∞ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ∋†† ≠∞ ≈∞∞⊇ ;≈ ⊇∞†∞+∋;≈∋†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ ≤+≈†;⊇∞≈≤∞ †+ ++∞∋∂ †+∞ ⊇∞∋⊇†+≤∂, ++≠∞=∞+, ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞∋+†∞ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ∋+∞ ≈+† +∞∋⊇+ †+ †∋∂∞ †+∋† +∞⊥∞;+∞⊇ +;≈∂ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ .....

3+∞≈ ++∞ ∂≈+≠ †;†††∞, ∋†† +† ++∞+ +⊥;≈;+≈≈ ∋≈⊇ ⊥∞+≤∞⊥†;+≈≈ ∋+∞ †;∋;†∞⊇ ≠+;≤+ ;≈ ≠++ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ +∋=∞ ∋∞≤+ ∋++∞ ≤+≈†;⊇∞≈≤∞ ≠+;†≈† ∂≈+≠;≈⊥ †∞≈≈. 1† †∞∋=∞≈ ++∞ †+ +∞†;∞=∞ †+∋† †+∞+∞ ;≈ +≈†+ +≈∞ ≠∋+ †+ †++∂ ∋† ++ ⊇∞†;≈∞ ∋ ≤∞+†∋;≈ ≈+∋∞†+;≈⊥.

1 ≠;†† +∞ †++∂;≈⊥ ∋† ++≠ †≠+ ∋+∞∋≈ +† ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ∋+∞ ∋††∞≤†∞⊇ ++ †+;≈ ≤†∋;∋. 7+∞ †;+≈† ∋+∞∋ +† ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ;≈ +;≈†+++ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ≈∞≤+≈⊇ ∋+∞∋ +† ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ;≈ +∞†;⊥;+∞≈ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ≈+≈†∞∋≈.

7+∞ +∞∋≈+≈ †++ +;≈†+++ ;≈ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ;† ;≈ ≈;∋⊥†+ ;≈≤+≈≤∞;=∋+†∞ †+ †++ †+ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇ †+∞ ⊥+∞≈∞≈† ≠;†++∞† +∞†∞+∞≈≤∞ †+ †+∞ ∞=∞≈†≈ †+∋† +∋=∞ +++∞⊥+† ∞≈ +∞+∞. 1∞≈† ∋≈ ≠∞ †++∂ +∋≤∂ +≈ +∞+ +≠≈ ⊥∞+≈+≈∋† ⊥∋≈†≈ ;≈ ++⊇∞+ †+ †∋∂∞ ≈†+≤∂ +† ≠+∞+∞ ≠∞ ∋+∞, ≈+ ≈+≤;∞†+ ≈∞∞⊇≈ †+ ≈†∞⊇+ ;†≈ ≤+††∞≤†;=∞ ⊥∋≈† ;≈ ++⊇∞+ †+ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇ ;†≈ ⊥+∞≈∞≈† ≈†∋†∞. 8;≈†+++ ∋†≈+ ⊥++=;⊇∞≈ ≈∞=∞+∋† ≠∋+≈ +† ∂≈+≠;≈⊥ †;∂∞ ∞∋+†;+≈, ∋∞∋+++ ∋≈⊇ ;∋∋⊥;≈∋†;+≈.

This is very similar with religious knowledge systems as many are based upon historical events. These systems have similar ways of knowing with the addition of faith. Given that religion represents such an important part of so many lives, it does provide us with an opportunity to learn about different ways of thinking, and how global societies and individuals are so diverse.

As for history, one’s perspective plays a large role on the facts and figures which are presented from that topic.

History has such a wide range of topics which allows many people to express different opinions and thoughts on such a topic. Now, for these “people” I would like to look into the role of historians. Historians are “experts of history, especially that of a particular period, geographical region, or social phenomenon.” Historians not only do they know a lot about the topic they study in, but they also know many other things in relation to a certain topic whether it is direct or indirect information.

However, historians are questioned often because of how much they know. They have a large amount of knowledge but due to the fact that they have so much information, more people cause doubts because there are an immense number of factors. History is generally passed down from generation to generation which means the information that is transferred has a sense of emotion .....

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4+† +≈†+ †+∋† +∞† ∋†≈+ ∋∞∋+++ ⊥†∋+≈ ∋ ++†∞ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ≠+∞≈ †+∞+∞ ;≈ ∋ †∋≤∂ +† ∋∞∋+++, †+∞+∞ ;≈ ∋ †∋≤∂ +† ;≈†++∋∋†;+≈. 3+∞≈ ≈+∋∞+≈∞ ∂≈+≠≈ †;†††∞ ∋++∞† ∋ †+⊥;≤, †+∞+ †∞≈⊇ †+ ⊥+∞≈∞≈† †+∞;+ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ≠;†+ ⊥∞+∞ ≤+≈†;⊇∞≈≤∞ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ;† ;≈ †+∞ +≈†+ †+;≈⊥ †+∞+ ∂≈+≠ ∋++∞† ;†. 7+∞;+ ∞∋+†;+≈≈ ∋≈⊇ ;∋∋⊥;≈∋†;+≈ ++≠∞=∞+ ∋;⊥+† +∞ †;∋;†∞⊇ ≠+∞≈ ⊥+∞≈∞≈†;≈⊥ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ ≠+∋† †+∞+ “∂≈+≠” ;≈ †+≤∂∞⊇ ;≈ ∋ ≈∋∋†† ++≠ ≠;†+ ≈+ +++∋ †+ ∞≠⊥†++∞ +†+∞+ ∋+∞∋≈.

8+≠∞=∞+, ≠+∞≈ +≈∞ ∂≈+≠≈ ∋∞≤+ ∋++∞† †+∞;+ ≈∞+{∞≤†, ⊇+∞+† ;≈≤+∞∋≈∞≈. 1† ≈+∋∞+≈∞ ⊇+∞≈ ≈+† +∞†;∞=∞ ∋++∞† ≈+∋∞ +;≈†++;≤∋† †∋≤†≈, †+;≈ ≠+∞†⊇ ≤∋∞≈∞ +;∋ †+ ≈∞∋+≤+ ;≈†++∋∋†;+≈ †+ †;≈⊇ †+∞ †+∞†+. 7+∞ ⊥∞+≈+≈ ∋∋+ ≈+† +∞†;∞=∞ ∋++∞† †+∞ †∋≤† ∋≈ +∞ ⊇;⊇ ≈+† ≈∞∞ †+∞ ∞=∞≈† ++ +;∋≈∞††. &≈+≈⊥;8;≈†+++ ;≈ †+∞ ≈†+++ ∋++∞† †+∞ ⊥∋≈†, †+∞ ⊥∞+≈+≈ ≤+∞†⊇ ≈+† ∋+=∞ †+∞ †;∋∞ +∋≤∂≠∋+⊇≈. 7+∞+∞†++∞, †+∞ ⊥∞+≈+≈ ≤∋≈ +≈†+ ≈†∋+† ≈∞∋+≤+;≈⊥ †++ †+∞ ;≈†++∋∋†;+≈ †+++∞⊥+ †+∞ +;≈†++;≤∋† +++∂≈, {+∞+≈∋†≈, ∋≈⊇ +†+∞+ +∞†∋†∞⊇ ∋∋†∞+;∋†≈ †+ ⊥∞† ∋ +∞††∞+ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇;≈⊥ ∋++∞† †+∞ ∞=∞≈† ∋≈⊇ †+ ⊥++=∞ †+∋† †+∞ ∞=∞≈† +∞∋††+ +∋⊥⊥∞≈∞⊇.

4≈⊇ †+;≈ ∞=∞≈†∞∋††+ †∞∋⊇≈ †+∞ ⊥∞+≈+≈ †+ ⊥∋;≈ ∞≠†+∋ ;≈†++∋∋†;+≈ †+∋≈ +∞ ≈∞∞⊇∞⊇.

7+∞ ≈∞≠† ∋+∞∋ +† ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ 1 ≠;†† +∞ †++∂;≈⊥ ∋† ≠;†† +∞ †+∞ +∞†;⊥;+∞≈ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ≈+≈†∞∋≈. 5∞†;⊥;+≈ ⊥+∞≈ +∋≤∂ †+ ∋++∞ †+∋† 5,000 +∞∋+≈ ≠+;≤+ ⊥∞+⊥†∞ ∞≠⊥+∞≈≈∞⊇ †+∞;+ ;⊇∞∋≈ †+++∞⊥+ ≈≤+;⊥†∞+∞≈, ≠+;†;≈⊥≈, ≤∋††;⊥+∋⊥++, ∋≈⊇ ⊇+∋≠;≈⊥≈.

7+∞+∞ ∋+∞ ∋∋≈+ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† +∞†;⊥;+∞≈ ∂≈+≠†∞⊇⊥∞ ≈+≈†∞∋≈ +∞≤∋∞≈∞ +† ++≠ †+∞ ≠++†⊇ ⊥+∞≠ ;≈†+ ≤+∞∋†;+≈. 7+∞+∞ ∋+∞ ∋∋≈+ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† +∞†;⊥;+∞≈ ⊥++∞⊥≈ +∞† †+∞+∞ ≠+;≤+ ⊥+∞≈∞≈† ∋∋≈+ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† ⊥∞+≈⊥∞≤†;=∞≈ ∋≈⊇ +⊥;≈;+≈≈ +≈ ++≠ †+∞ ≠++†⊇ ≤∋∋∞ †+ ≤+∞∋†;+≈, ≠++ ≠∋≈ 1∞≈∞≈ ++ †+∞;+ +≠≈ ⊥+⊇ †;∂∞ †;⊥∞+∞, ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ∋+≈† ∞††∞≤†;=∞ ≠∋+ †+ ∞†∞+≈∋† ≈∋†=∋†;+≈. 7+∞+∞ ;≈ ∋≈ +≈⊥+;≈⊥ ≈∞+{∞≤† ≠+;≤+ +∋≈ †+ ⊇+ ≠;†+ †+∞ +∞†;∞† ;≈ +∞†;⊥;+≈ ;.....

Does knowing more knowledge lead to believing less in religion? Many people claim that religious belief led to people will lower intelligence and less knowledge. There have been claims that “more intelligent” people would not want to associate themselves with any religious system. Religion was, and still is a way that some people would rather connect themselves with rather than knowledge.

According to the statement then, religious people would represent the first part (“we know with confidence only when we know little) and the non -religious people would represent the second part (with knowledge, doubt increases). Some say that people who follow a certain religion or faith are less open minded to the outer world like some atheists. This leads them to being “less knowledgeable” and having more confidence in what they believe in, resulting in them claiming their strong religious beliefs and presenting strong religious aspects.

The non- believers have increasing doubts because they do not know much about any religious knowledge system as they do not associate themselves with a certain faith. They need to find other ways to explore the systems of religion.

We have seen that how doubt works as the key to knowledge in History and the religious knowledge systems.

Sometimes having doubt does help in order to gaining knowledge and information. Doubt is very important to bring the knowledge closer and closer to the truth. However, we must not doubt too much in both History and other subjects. We might ignore the excessive doubt that we have and finally no new knowledge will be discovered. Therefore, we must have an equal level between doubts and confidence before accepting and believing the truth.

Hence, doubt can be considered as the 'main' key in gaining knowledge because it allows us to explore and delve into deeper area.....





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