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University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Notes4.050 Words / ~11 pages Id “is established by what is remembered, and itself then leads in turn to certain pasts being remembered and others being forgotten” – “remembrance and forgetting depend on each other” (21) But neither memory nor id ever monolithic. An ongoing process. |Negotiations­. Collective memory most susceptible to influence by politicians, historians, journalists. High politics matters – p21 Need distinguish memory / history – to some extent a continuum, but not the same – 22/3 “Precisely because history and memory are closely bound up with each other, and in turn serve the project of national identity formation, it is so crucial to distinguish between the two” – 23 Shadowy, twilight zone of recent history – Eric Hobsbawn: “the twilight zone between history and memory” though this article say CAN still distinguish (cf others) – p24…[show more]
Notes1.410 Words / ~4 pages Notes on Doris Bergers Historikerstr­eit Norbert Frei: ‘Coping with the Burdens of the past: German politics and society in the 1950s’ in Dominik Geppert (ed) The Postwar Challenge: Cultural, Social and Political Change in Western Europe, 1945-58 (2003) Instead of footnotes for essay, refers reader to study Vergangenheit­spoli­tik: Die Anfänge der Bundesrupubli­k und die NS-Vergangenh­eit (in English = Adenauer’s Germany.) “Germany’s political culture is to a large extent characterized by a constant awareness of the past” (p27) – specifically the Nz past Vergangenheit­sbewä­ltig­ung – footnote to this descrption when first intro term – he says its untranslatabl­e, highly problematic if taken literally, but orig meant in anti-apologet­ic, self-critical way when coined late 50s. Lit has connotation process done…[show more]
Essay2.849 Words / ~8 pages History Paper 18: Europe since 1890 Topic 3: The Rise of Authoritarian Regimes “Authoritaria­nis­m was always more likely to succeed than parliamentary democracy in interwar Europe”. Discuss with reference to at least two countries. The rapid reversal of parliamentary democracy’s fortunes in interwar Europe is a striking phenomenon which requires explanation. Least satisfactory perhaps are the heavily deterministic accounts to which some historians have resorted. Based at their most extreme on a reductionist evocation of an anti-democrat­ic ‘national character’, such as in AJP Taylor’s reading of German history, to a more persuasive but still incomplete analysis premised on the complete insurmountabi­lity of the problems facing new democracies at the end of the First World War, such accounts leave no room for…[show more]
Notes3.089 Words / ~9 pages Paper 18: Europe since 1890 Dr. Topic 1: The social and cultural impact of the First World War ‘War is the locomotive of history.’ (TROTSKY) Was this judgement borne out by the impact of the Great War on European culture and society? The First World War is widely understood as the seminal event of the Twentieth Century, ‘the axis on which the modern world turned’ (Modris Eksteins). Often taken to mark a fundamental watershed in European social and cultural history, the war is credited with sweeping away the old order and catapulting Europe headlong into the ‘modern age’. The association of war with progress is not limited to that conflict, as Trotsky’s assertion indicates. Through increasing the level of state intervention in the economy and society, and stimulating demand for democratic policies in recognition of citizen participation­…[show more]
Essay2.659 Words / ~6 pages Paper 18: Europe since 1890 Essay 1: The Russian Revolution Why was the Tsarist autocracy replaced by the one-party dictatorship of the Bolsheviks? That the Tsarist autocracy, widely resented for its repression and illiberality, was ultimately replaced, not by the parliamentary democracy so eagerly anticipated in February 1917, but by the one-party dictatorship of the Bolsheviks, may initially seem one of the supreme ironies of history. Yet it is not one which must be resolved by recourse to an explanation based purely on chance and contingency – though they did play some role - or to the crude Bolshevik “coup d’état” thesis of classic liberal historiograph­y. Despite differing circumstances and contributing factors, the failure of both Tsarsism and Liberalism, and the ultimate establishment of the Bolshevik dictatorship…[show more]
Notes966 Words / ~ pages Public History and Private Knowledge on Disputed History in Southern Somalia Catherine Besteman Ethnohistory Vol 40 No 4 (1993) pp 563 – 586 Summary Article of great clarity that identifies ways in which OH can be used to reconstruct the past and identifies three general points about the nature of OH. CB examines the interesting analytical question is not why people remember history differently , rather what is significant about the different interpretatio­ns people hold of a shared past. She suggests that there may be different versions of the past offered in public and in private and she suggests that this may be because people may be attempting to forge social identity in recalling the past. Her approach is to: Describe the contemporary context and social identity of the people researched (the people of the Jubba Valley, the…[show more]
Notes5.736 Words / ~14 pages Die Flucht film Bibliography: - Die Flucht, dir. Kai Wessel, 2007, [check how to do] – german wikipedia Director: - Kai Wessel teamworx Starring: - Maria Furtwängler as Lena Gräfin von Mahlenberg Note that Maria is the stepgranddaug­hter / great neice of the conductor and composer Willhelm Furtwängler, accused of collaboration with the Nazis, but whose moral status has often been regarded as somewhat ambiguous, subject of the play ‘Taking Sides’ by Ronald Harwood - similar sorts of grey areas and ambiguities. [nb may be missing a source – suddeutsche Zeitung? on is it history? check through faves and see if anything else, too] Summary: Lena (Lena von Mahlenberg returns to her family estate in East Prussia in 1944 in order to reconcile with her terminally ill father. She hasn’t been back there for 8 years, since she became pregnant…[show more]
Essay3.466 Words / ~7 pages Paper 16: The Reformation Dr O’Reilly Did Protestantism replace the saints with Luther? Martin Luther was the towering figure of the German Reformation. Yet considering the precise role of Luther within Protestantism raises a number of wider questions. Even if his importance as the initiator of ‘Protestantis­m’ is accepted, then his personal contribution to that movement’s success and to its nature is more open to dispute. From having been side-lined by the rise of social history, Luther as an individual has recently been re-inserted into the narrative of religious change, not merely the leader of the Protestant movement but, in a fundamental sense, as something of its essence. Through the growth of ‘the myth of Luther’ or the ‘Luther cult’1, Bob Scribner and others have suggested that Luther himself became quasi-saintly­…[show more]
Essay2.524 Words / ~7 pages Paper 16: Counter Reformation For Dr O’Reilly How, and to what extent, did post-Tridenti­ne Catholicism become ‘global’? Reflecting rising interest in ‘world history’ and exchanges between Europe and other continents1, the ‘global Counter Reformation’ has become a subject of increasing interest for historians. Instead of focusing on religious developments of this period purely within Europe, a number of recent studies have examined the extent of Catholic missionary work and penetration overseas, in particular in the New World Iberian colonies and in Asia, but also with more limited success in Africa.2 Partly, this new interest has entailed a switch of perspective: rather as Walter D. Mignolo attempted to provide a new way of understanding the Renaissance by considering its repercussions for South American colonialism…[show more]
Notes907 Words / ~ pages Notes on debate about glorification of the First World War in British culture ‘This House believes the First World War has been unnecessarily glorified’ - notes from the CU society debate Debate description: “The legacy of the First World War has played a huge part in Britain’s national life and identity for almost one hundred years especially through Remembrance. Tonight we debate whether that legacy has been unnecessarily glorified.” •••••••••••••­•••••­••••­•••••••••••••­••• PROPOSITION •••••••••••••­•••••­••••­•••••••••••••­••• Professor Robert Tombs is Professor of Modern European History at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of The English and their History, which is due to appear next month. Professor David Edgerton is Professor of the History and Philosophy of Science at King’s College London,…[show more]
Notes2.449 Words / ~6 pages Notes on the Holocaust memorial in Berlin (politics of memory) Materials on the memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe Published by the foundation for the memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe Preface by Wolfgang Thierse, President of the Bundestag (p6) 25 June 1999, Bundestag approval of construction central “Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe” in centre Berlin “dedicated to the six million victims of the Holocaust and will keep alive the memory of the most horrific crimes in German history” “The memorial honours the victims and warns future generations to protect human rights, to defend the constitutiona­l state, and to safeguard the equality of all people under the law” Info centre victim-centri­c, give victims “names and faces” – “personalizat­ion and individualiza­tion of the horrors connected with the Holocaust”…[show more]

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