April 2, 2012 American History – Industrial Revolution Research Paper Topic: Immigration: What were the reasons for different groups of immigrants from Europe to come to the United States of America from 1890-1920? “Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me: I lift my lamp beside the golden door.” This is a quote from the sonnet “The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus from 1883. It gives an indication about the American attitude and sentiment towards new immigrants. The immigrants from Europe coming from 1890-1920 played a huge role in changing the face of the U.S.A. to the multicultural and fascinating society it is nowadays. But what were the reasons for these immigrants in the late 19th century and early 1900s to come over the Atlantic Ocean to the United States? By 1910, 70% of the immigrants coming to the U.S.A. came from the Southern and Eastern Europe. The important countries were Italy, Poland, Greece and Russia. After the outbreak of WWI in 1914 numbers of immigrants dropped but dramatically increased after 1918 again. There are several different economical, political and social reasons for immigrants to come to t..
After the American Revolution the country prospered and flourished and by 1898 it had the same size as today. But the economic conditions were bad in the East, so some pioneers thought that they could start a new life in the west.
So, in 1804, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark started an expedition through territory no with man has ever seen before, mountains full of wild animals and streams full of fish… On January 24, 1848 Gold was found and the news spread through Europe. A lot of people came there with tents or made huts and searched for gold and they had names like Red Dog or Rich Bar.
But, of course, not everyone found gold, however the liked the climate and they stayed there and established farms or created businesses.
Until 1865 in the Far West lived a lot of people, but the area from the Mississippi westward had been ignored. With the Homestead Act of 1862 they tried that people also settle there. So, they sold the land very cheaply, but the living conditions were very hard, because it was windswept and barren.
However, the Great Plans were ideal for raising cattle and growing grain. The people there lived in awful conditions, because trees were scarce so the built dugouts or sod houses and they were dirty and muddy and the weather was so extreme, with howling winds and a lot of snow. Another problem were also the grasshoppers, so some people gave u.....[read full text]